Iran has optimized the Russian-made S-200 ground-to-air defense missile system 0307132


Defence & Security News - Iran

Wednesday, July 3, 2013 10:41 AM
Iran has optimized the Russian-made S-200 ground-to-air defense missile system.
Commander of Khatam ol-Anbia Air Defense Base Brigadier General Farzad Esmayeeli announced on Tuesday, July 2, 2013, that Iran has optimized the Russian-made S-200 long-range air defense missile system and managed to sharply reduce the time span from detection to firing at a target. "The detection-firing-tracing time in S-200 system has been reduced to the least possible," Esmayeeli told FNA, adding that the system works online and in real-time.

"In the missile part of the system, we should say that S-200 is no more used just against strategic and collective targets, rather it can now be used for pinpoint targeting and can be guided to a very specific point," he added.

Iran's S-200 system is a very long range, medium-to-high altitude surface-to-air missile (SAM) system designed to defend large areas from bomber attack or other strategic aircrafts. Each battalion has 6 single-rail missile launchers and fire control radar. It can be linked to other, longer-range radar systems.

Each missile is launched by 4 solid-fueled strap-on rocket boosters. Maximum range is between 200 and 350 km depending on the model. The missile uses radio illumination mid-course correction to fly towards the target with a terminal semi active radar homing phase.

Elsewhere, Esmayeeli referred to the measures Iran has taken to strengthen its radar systems, and said the country has boosted the agility of its defense systems and changed the frequency band of its radar systems to be able to resist against electronic warfare and detect different targets.

Iranian officials have announced that the country has now reached self-sufficiency in producing radar systems in different frequencies and for various ranges.

In December 2010, Lieutenant Commander of Khatam ol-Anbia Air Defense Base General Hamid Arjangi told FNA that the development of the country's new generation of long-range radar systems was in final stages, and said the system would detect all flying objects within a range of 3,000 km.

"Infrastructural measures and specification of the location for these radars have already been done and the final stages of preparing these systems are underway," Arjangi said at the time.

Arjangi also said that in addition to its 3,000km range, the system is adjustable in terms of altitude based on the needs felt by any given air defense unit.

He added that the radar would monitor all aircraft flying towards Iran from distances farther than Qatar or Afghanistan.