Ukraine - Russia Invasion conflict

According to a video published on Russian social networks Telegram and VK on March 22, 2023, several old Soviet-made T-54 Main Battle Tanks (MBTs) have been spotted at a railway station arriving from Russia's Far East. Citing open-source information, Russia plans to send T-54 and T-55 tanks to the frontline to replace modern MBTs that were destroyed or damaged.

According to mil.in.ua website, the Ukrainian air defense forces have strengthened the AN/TWQ-1 Avenger self-propelled anti-aircraft missile systems. Footage of these systems and the Ukrainian military was shown by analysts from Ukraine Weapons Tracker. This is the first footage of the recently transferred American short-range air defense system. In total, Ukraine is supposed to receive 12 such anti-aircraft missile systems from the United States. They arrived from the USA to the German port of Bremerhaven in the first half of February..

The Ukrainian armed forces will receive M109A6 artillery systems from the United States, one of the most modern self-propelled howitzers in the world produced by the American company by BAE Systems Land and Armaments. The M109A6 is able to fire the latest generation of ammunition including the M982 Excalibur extended-range precision-guided projectiles at a maximum firing range of 40 km.

The ongoing Russian-Ukrainian conflict has rarely seen tank-against-tank combat, at least combats resembling Cambrai 1917, El Alamein 1942, or Prokhorovka (Kursk) 1943. Nevertheless, the recently announced European and Canadian handing-overs of German-made Leopard 2-family main battle tanks (MBTs) to Ukraine and reported deliveries of the newest T-90M Proryv (Breakthrough) MBTs to the Russian military may turn the tide. The military-technical portal "Status-Arms" was informed about this in the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation.

Analysis: The AMX-10RC combat vehicle that France will supply to Ukraine is not a main battle tank (MBT), but it offers several advantages compared to MBTs due to its design as a wheeled reconnaissance and fire support vehicle. There is no information about the variant of the AMX-10RC that France will provide to Ukraine. The AMX-10RCR is a modernized variant of the original AMX-10RC offering more mobility, firepower, and protection.

Russia continues to send to Ukraine old Soviet-made military equipment such as the ZSU-23-4 also nicknamed Shilka, a self-propelled anti-aircraft gun system equipped with four 23mm automatic cannons, that was first introduced with the Russian army in the 1960s. The vehicle was originally designed for use against low-flying aircraft. However, it can also be used for ground-based targets and against drones.

According to a video published by the Ukrainian armed forces and relayed on the Twitter account of "Ukraine Weapons Tracker" on March 4, 2023, the Ukrainian Special Forces unit "Alpha Group" has destroyed a Russian army ISDM Zemledeliye using drone-dropped munitions. The ISDM Zemledeliye is the latest generation of remote mine-laying system deployed in Ukraine by the Russian armed forces.

According to a picture released on the Russian Social Network "VK" the Ukrainian forces use captured BTR-82AT, the latest generation of Russian-made wheeled APC (Armored Personnel Carrier) in the BTR-82A family. The vehicle was displayed for the first time to the public in August 2021 during the Military Technical Forum Defense Exhibition near Moscow.

According to information published on the Russian Social Network "VK" on February 28, 2023, Russia send its latest generation of local-made 8x8 wheeled armored vehicles Bumerang to the NVO (Novorossiya or New Russia) zone, also referred to as the Union of People's Republics, the confederation the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic (DPR) and the Luhansk People's Republic (LPR) in Eastern Ukraine.

According to information published by Cable News Network "News18" on February 12, 2023, several videos are circulating on the internet and social networks showing Russian soldiers carrying out live fire training with the latest generation of Russian-made main battle tanks, T-14 Armata. Citing Russian sources, Russian T-14 Armata tanks will be deployed in Ukraine to counter Leopard 2A6 and M1A2 Abrams tanks promised by the United States and European countries.

According to information published by the Russian Ministry of Defense, a full range of new generations of engineer combat vehicles are now deployed in Ukraine to conduct combat operations including the B12M2 armored bulldozer, KVD Multi-purpose Motorized Rapid Service Roadway Deployment System, Reconnaissance amphibious cushion craft, TMM-7 bridge laying system, BMR-3MA mine clearing tank, UMZ-K multipurpose mine-laying vehicle, UBIM tracked armored engineer vehicle, IMR-3M tracked Armored Obstacle Clearing Vehicle, MTU-2020 tracked bridge laying tank, and Uran-6 unmanned multifunctional demining system.

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