BMD-2 Airborne IFV
Airborne tracked armored Infantry Fighting Vehicle - Russia
The BMD-2 is an airborne tracked armored IFV Infantry Fighting Vehicle designed by the Russian defense Company Arkadyi Shabalin. The first prototype of the BMD-2 was completed in 1985 and was first seen in 1988. Production of vehicles started in 1989 and was originally issued on the scale of nine in each of the three airborne regiments of a Russian air assault division. The BMD-2 was introduced into the Russian armed forces in 1985. Production of the BMD-2 was undertaken at the Volgograd Tractor Plant. Production of the BMD-2 was completed some time ago. The vehicle has been designed to be airdropped by parachutes thanks to a very light hull and a small combat turret. It has a weight of only 8,225 kg. It is now being supplemented by the more advanced airborne infantry armored vehicle BMD-3.
BMD-2 Airborne IFV main variants:
- BMD-2K: command version with the same turret but no missile launcher, and equipped with additional radio.
- BMD-2M: upgrade of the basic version. It features a number of improvements including smoke grenade launchers on the side of the turret
The BMD-2 is fitted with a one-man turret armed with a 30 mm 2A42 stabilized cannon, which is also used in the BMP-2 infantry combat vehicle, has an elevation of +75º and a depression of -5º. A coaxial 7.62 mm PKT machine gun is mounted to the right side of the main armament. An AT-4 Spigot or AT-5 Spandrel anti-tank guided missile launcher is mounted on the right side of the turret roof. a second 7.62mm PKT machine gun is mounted on the right side, at the front of the hull.
|Design and protection|
The layout of the BMD-2 consists of three main parts with the driver seat at the front of the hull in the center just forward of the turret. A one-man turret is mounted at the center of the hull and has a single-piece forward-opening hatch cover to the left of the turret. The rear part of the vehicle can accommodate up to four paratroopers. The hull and the turret of the BMD-2 are welded aluminum, which provides protection against the firing of small arms caliber and shell splinters on the battlefield.
|The BMD-2 is powered by a 5D20 V-6 liquid-cooled diesel developing 240 hp, and manual transmission with 5 forward and 1 reverse gears. It can run at a maximum road speed of 60 km/h with a maximum cruising range of 500 km. The BMD-2 is equipped with a hydropneumatic suspension on either side consisting of five small road wheels with the idler at the front and the drive sprocket at the rear. There are four track-return rollers. The independent suspension combines a hydraulic system for altering the ground clearance and maintaining track tension with pneumatic springs, enabling the ground clearance to be altered from 100 to 450 mm.|
|The BMD-2 is fully amphibious and is propelled in the water by two water jets mounted at the rear of the hull. Before entering the water a trim vane, which is stowed on the glacis plate when not in use, is erected at the front of the hull. In the water, the vehicle can reach a top speed of 10 km/h.|
|One 30 mm gun, two 7.62 mm PKT machine guns, 1 anti-tank missile launcher for AT-4 or AT-5.||Welded aluminum alloy, 7 mm turret, 15 mm at 78° upper hull, 15 mm at 50° lower hull front, 10 mm rest of the hull.|
|Angola, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, India, Iraq, Moldavia, Russia, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan.||8,225 kg|
|Russia||60 km/h on road, 10 km/h on water|
|Fire control system, night vision, NBC protection system||450 to 500 km|
|3 + 4 paratroopers||Length: 5,91 m; Width: 2,63 m; Height: 1,97 m|
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