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Oerlikon Skyguard III Air Defense System
 
 
 
Skyguard III 1 Oerlikon air defense system cannon missile technical data sheet specifications information description intelligence pictures photos images identification Germany German army Rheinmetall defense industry army military technology
 
Description
The Oerlikon Skyguard III is a modernized version of the Skyguard I air defense missile/twin-cannon system. Made by Rheinmetall Air Defence, the state-of-the-art Oerlikon Skyguard III places the latest advances in technology at the disposal of Skyguard users, while maintaining the existing transport concept. Tried-and-tested air defence systems such as the Oerlikon Skyguard have to be modified to meet new threats. Designed for round-the-clock, network-enabled operations in all weathers, the Oerlikon Skyguard III is the perfect answer for echeloned air defence, offering excellent protection against a wide spectrum of aerial threats, including fixed-wing aircraft, helicopters, missiles, unmanned air vehicles and precision guided missiles. The Oerlikon Skyguard III is characterized by a high degree of networkability. At the tactical and operational level, Skyguard III fire units can be linked to higher-echelon command structures. Up to three fire units can be linked to form their own network, exchanging data in near real-time and generating a uniform air situation picture. In addition, a battle management system assures extremely short reaction and engagement times. This 35mm twin gun/ Skyguard III modernization program also includes all necessary fire control functions for Ahead engagement againstFinally, using the latest high-tech components ensures efficient logistical support as well as low lifecycle costs.
 
Variants
- Oerlikon Skyguard I: The first variant of the Skygurad air defense system
 
Technical Data
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Armament
The Skyguard III features two high-performance 35mm anti-aircraft cannon GDF 007 for short-range engagements and two guided missile launchers, giving the system greater reach. The 35mm anti-aircraft twin-gun is the weapon which is used for short range air defense against fighters, bombers and helicopters. It can also be used against unmanned aerial targets as drones, cruise missiles, dispensers, guided missiles and guided bombs. The 35mm Oerlikon twin-gun is controlled by a Fire Control Unit (FCU), but it can also be operated by a gunner in the autonomous mode. The normal burst-either from two 35 mm GDF 005 twin guns or two 35/1000 guns-consists of 25 rounds and is fired within about 0.7s. These 25 rounds contain more than 3,800 sub-projectiles.
Missiles and Ammunitions
The 35 mm Ahead system from Oerlikon Contraves is the only gun-based low-level air defence system, thoroughly tested, successfully demonstrated and readily available for defeating these threats effectively. A short burst of Ahead rounds produces a continuous saturation in the expected target position with a cloud of lethal sub-projectiles. The protection levels of today's and future targets can be penetrated by the heavy metal, spin stabilized sub-projectiles. The 35mm AHEAD (Advanced Hit Efficiency and Destruction) ammunition is designed specifically for small, very low and fast-flying targets such as drones, dispensers and missiles, and it can be used by all 35 mm guns retrofitted with the muzzle-velocity gauge and an electronic processing unit. As a comparison, a burst of HEI ammunition contains some 50-60 rounds, but the kill probability against small targets is much lower. Thus, despite its higher costs, the AHEAD round is much more cost-effective than HEI. The AHEAD round ejects a lethal shower of 152 spin-stabilized sub-projectiles, with a mass of 3.3 g each, in a cone with a io° opening angle released by each round just "ahead" of the approaching target, at a position determined by a programmable, electronic, time fuze in the base of the projectile.
The Skyguard III 35mm cannon can be coupled with the ASRAD (Advanced Short Range Air Defence System) missile.
Fire Control Unit
The Skyguard III is a multi-role air defence command and fire control system. The existing high fire control performance in the classical low level air defence is extended to counter, in addition the whole missile threat spectrum. The systems's sensor unit of the Skyguard III Fire Control Unit is highly ECM resistant, while the target detection alarm and threat evaluation is followed by automatic handover to the tracking sensors. The multi-sensor tracking unit is a combined radar plus TV/laser/IR module with high sensor dynamics for interference-free precision tracking. The Skyguard III Fire Control Unit (FCU) provides protection of high valued objects in a standalone or networked configuration. Skyguard III controls anti-aircraft guns and missile launchers against manned aircraft such as fighters, bombers and helicopters and against unmanned aerial targets, in articular fast, small missiles in a steep diving attack.
Combat use
The Ahead-system is designed to fit 35mm twin gun/Skyguard air defence systems which are in use in rather large quantities in many countries worldwide. Modifications of fielded 35mm twin gun/Skyguard fire units, for up grading them to include the Ahead anti-missile capability, depending on their standard of build, may be done in the customer country. The fielded 35mm twin gun/Skyguard fire units must be modernized to cope with the new specific characteristics of 21st century air threats. This 35mm twin gun/ Skyguard III modernization program also includes all necessary fire control functions for Ahead engagement against small, fast and steep attacking missile targets in respect to elevation coverage, detection range and ECCM. The 35mm twin gun/Skyguard III fire units in a tactical deployment can be integrated into a C4I system and/or networked together to form a network. For such a network up to three Skyguard III fire units can be located at separation distances of up to 3 km. By means of a fast exchange of search and track data, a common air situation is built up and instantaneously shared among all the netted fire units. The evalutation of the common air situation enables an optimized battle management of the available trackers and weapons and provides an overall protection shield. The data transfer is based on near real-time data exchange.
 
Specifications
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Armament
Two 35mm Oerlikon Twin Gun and ADATS missile launcher unit
Country users
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Designer Country
Germany
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Crew
4
Missiles
ADATS
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Radar
Skyguard FCU Fire Control Unit
Range
cannon 4,000 m
missile 7,000 m
Range Radar
20 km
 
Details View
 
Skyguard III FCU Fire Control Unit
Oerlikon 35mm twin-cannon GDF 007
Skyguard III 1 Oerlikon air defense system cannon missile technical data sheet specifications information description intelligence pictures photos images identification Germany German army Rheinmetall defense industry army military technology
Skyguard III 1 Oerlikon air defense system cannon missile technical data sheet specifications information description intelligence pictures photos images identification Germany German army Rheinmetall defense industry army military technology
 
Pictures - Video
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