Israel and Germany progress in negotiations for Arrow 3 air defense missile system sale

According to information released on the Israeli Ministry of Defense Telegram account on April 20, 2023, the Israeli Defense Minister, German Defense Ministry, and the Aerospace Industry are advancing talks and pushing forward the process of finalizing the contract for the sale of the Israeli Arrow 3 air defense missile system.
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In 2019, the Israel Missile Defense Organization IMDO of the Directorate of Defense Research and Development DDR&D and the U.S. Missile Defense Agency (MDA) completed a successful flight test campaign with the Arrow-3 Interceptor missile. (Picture source U.S. DoD)

The advanced negotiations between Israel and Germany for the sale of the Israeli air defense missile system, Arrow 3, took place in Germany this week in order to finalize a detailed agreement for the export of the Israeli system in the near future. The Israeli delegation was led by the head of the Israeli Ministry of Defense, Moshe Patel, together with the Director of the Missile and Space Division of the Aerospace Industry, Guy Levy.

The Arrow 3 is one of the most advanced missile defense systems in the world, designed to intercept ballistic missiles outside the atmosphere. The system was jointly developed by the Israeli Ministry of Defense and the American Missile Defense Agency (MDA). The primary contractor for the development and production of the system is the Aerospace Industry in collaboration with security industries in Israel and the United States.

The sale is dependent on the approval of the American government, which is a partner in the development and production of the Arrow 3 air defense system.

The Arrow 3, Israel's advanced air defense missile system, has been developed by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) and the Israeli Ministry of Defense to provide a critical layer of protection against long-range, intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) and other aerial threats. As a cutting-edge system, it plays a crucial role in safeguarding Israel's airspace from potential enemy attacks.

One of the standout features of the Arrow 3 system is its impressive range, with the ability to intercept targets up to 2,400 kilometers (1,500 miles) away. This makes it particularly effective against long-range missile threats. Additionally, Arrow 3 is designed to engage targets in the exoatmosphere, the outer region of Earth's atmosphere. This high-altitude interception capability minimizes the risk of debris and collateral damage to populated areas.

The system also boasts a sophisticated guidance and control system, incorporating advanced radar and electro-optical sensors to accurately track and engage high-speed targets. The Arrow 3's multi-target interception feature allows it to track and engage multiple threats simultaneously, enhancing its overall effectiveness in protecting Israel's airspace.

Arrow 3 is specifically designed to work in tandem with other Israeli missile defense systems, such as the Iron Dome, David's Sling, and Arrow 2. This integration creates a multi-layered shield against various types of aerial threats. Furthermore, the development of the Arrow 3 system has been a collaborative effort between Israel and the United States, with significant financial and technical support from the US government.