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Air Defense Vehicles.

S-300 PMU2 SA-20B Gargoyle B.

The S-300PMU-2 Favorit NATO designation SA-20B gargoyle B, introduced in 1997, is an upgrade to the S-300PMU-1 with range-extended once again to 195 km with the introduction of the 48N6E2 missile.

Country users : Russia, China, Venezuela, Libya, Algeria.


The S-300PMU-2 Favorit NATO designation SA-20B gargoyle B, introduced in 1997, is an upgrade to the S-300PMU-1 with range-extended once again to 195 km with the introduction of the 48N6E2 missile. The system is apparently capable against not just short-range ballistic missiles, but now also medium-range tactical ballistic missiles. The combat capabilities of the new system were first tested on August 10, 1995, on the Kapustin Yar testing range in an encounter with Scud ballistic missiles. Several 48N6E2 missiles were launched to intercept Scuds. During the interception, the explosion of the air defense missiles' military load detonated the high-explosive charge of the ballistic missiles. Russian scientists and specialists were the first in the world to achieve so remarkable a result. The S-300PMU2 Favorit showed for the first time during the Air Show Exhibition MAKS edition 1997, in Moscow. Like the S-300PMU-1, 12 launcher units can be controlled, with any mix of 5P85SE2 self-propelled and 5P85TE2 trailer launchers. The S-300 PMU2 FAVORIT air defense missile system is designed for the defense of vital facilities of the state and its armed forces against mass strikes by modem and future aircraft, strategic cruise missiles, tactical and theatre ballistic missiles, and other air attack weapons over a full range of altitudes and speeds in heavy ECM environments. The S-300PMU2 Favorit can engage targets flying from 10 m to 27 km above the surface at a speed of up to 10,000 km/h. It is claimed that it has a kill ratio ranging from 0.8 to 0.93 against aircraft and from 0.8 to 0.98 against Tomahawk-class cruise missiles. The S-300PMU2 can engage up to 6 targets simultaneously while providing guidance for up to 12 missiles - two missiles per target ensuring target kill. The S-300PMU2 Favorit can use the launcher unit 5P85TE and 5P85SE.

S-300 PMU2 variants:

- S-300 F : naval version of the S-300
- S-300 V : four missiles mounted to a tracked vehicle.
- S-300 PS : Four missiles mounted to a Maz-543 truck.
- S-300 PM : Four missiles mounted to a Kraz-260 truck.
- S-300 PM1: upgraded version of S-300 PM, new missile, and association with a new radar system
- S-300 PM2 : upgraded version of S-300 PM1, higher range.
- S-300 PMU : export version of S-300 PS/PM
- S-300 PMU1 : export version of S-300 PM1
- S-300 PMU2 : export version of S-300 PM2

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Technical Data

  • Launcher Unit

    Four paired missile container launchers are mounted to the rear of the semi-trailer 5P85TE or truck chassis 5P85SE. In the firing position, the missile containers are placed vertically on the rear side of the trailer.

  • Missiles

    The S-300PMU2 Favorit system can use the 48N6E2 air defense missiles and also the 48N6E, 5V55K, and 5V55R missiles which are currently used in S-300PMU1 systems. The 48N6E2 air defense guided missile was developed by the Fakel Machine-Building Design Bureau, which has for decades been the main producer of missiles for the air defense systems of Russia's Army and Navy. The development of the new missile, which began in the early 1990s, required numerous calculations and tests, during which the missile demonstrated its capability to intercept targets at a range of 200 kilometers and the required efficiency in destroying various kinds of targets. The missile system includes all the components of the S-300PMU1 system, among them transport and launch canisters, launcher and all ground servicing facilities. Other innovations used in the 48N6E2 missile include the use of fundamentally new guidance algorithms, more advantageous flight trajectories and new military loads. The development of the missile proceeded in several directions simultaneously and lasted several years. Fakel specialists selected the prototype which showed overwhelming advantages over others both in ground and flight tests.

  • Mobility

    The S-300 PMU2 launcher unit semi trailer-based 5P85TE series is usually towed by a 6x6 KrAZ-260 tractor. The S-300PMU2 Favorit autonomous launcher unit 5P85SE uses the chassis of the 8x8 truck MAZ-7910. S-300PMU2 Favorit systems exported to China have been supplied with the latest 5P85TE2 semi-trailer TELs, towed by BAZ-64022 6 x 6 tractors.

  • Command and Control Vehicles

    The S300PMU2 Favorit system comprises the 83M6E2 command post and up to 12 launcher unit S-300PMU2 5P85SE or 5P85TE air defense missile systems each carrying four 48N6E2 or the S-300PMU1's 48N6E missiles. The command post 83M6E2 consists of the 54K6E2 battle management center and the 64N6E2 acquisition radar, with a maximum detection range of 300 kilometers, can be integrated into the S-300 SAM system providing improved target acquisition capability. The Favorit's new command post has the capability to control S-300PMU / SA-10, S-300PMU1 / SA-20 batteries, and also S-200VE / SA-5 Gammon batteries, relaying coordinates and commands to the 5N62VE Square Pair guidance and illumination radar. Each air defense missile system includes the 30N6E2 multifunctional illumination and guidance radar and up to 12 5P85SE (5P85TE) launchers. An option for S-300PMU2 Favorit, cited by two Russian manufacturers is the new LEMZ 96L6 Cheese Board early warning and acquisition radar, a planar array design with electronic beam steering in elevation and mechanical steering in azimuth. It is intended as a replacement for the Tin Shield and Clam Shell. The 96L6/96L6E is available in semi-mobile towed versions, a semi-mobile mast-mounted version using variants of the 40V6M/MD, and a fully mobile version on an 8x8 MZKT-7930 vehicle, based on the MAZ-543M chassis. The system has an interface for digital data transmission directly to a 30N6E/E1/E2 Flap Lid, using cabled links to the S-300PMU/PMU1 and optical fiber cables or microwave links to the S-300PMU2. Deployment and stow time is 5 minutes for the mobile variant, and 30 to 120 minutes for the semi-mobile and mast-mounted variants respectively.

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  • Type

    Long-range surface-to-air missile system

  • Armament

    Four missiles Fakel 48N6E2 or 48N6E,5V55R, 5V55K in an individual container

  • Country Users

    Russia, China, Venezuela, Libya, Algeria.

  • Head

    High Explosive ; fragmentation

  • Explosive load

    180 kg

  • Weight Missile

    1,800 kg

  • Length Missile

    7.5 m

  • Range

    3 to 200 km

  • Guidance System

    Command + active radar homing

  • Radars

    Engagement radar 30N6E2, 64N6E2 acquisition radar or ST-68U Tin Shield - 5N66 Clam Sheel 40V6M, supported by a 54K6E2 command post and 83M6E2 command and control system. New option LEMZ 96L6 Cheese Board early warning and acquisition radar

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Details View

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The 5P85SE is the autonomous launcher unit, which can be used with the surface-to-air missile system S-300 PMU2.

The 5P85TE is the semi-trailer launcher unit for S-300 PMU2, with the heavy truck tractor 6x6 KRAZ-260.

Photo Gallery

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