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Ukraine uses Bayraktar TB2 drones to destroy Russian command posts and air defense systems

Ukrainian armed forces use the Bayraktar TB2 drones to target and destroy command posts, electronic warfare vehicles as well as air defense systems to counter the Russian invasion of Ukraine. According to military sources, Ukraine is believed to have around 50 of the Bayraktar TB2 drones, which it first bought in 2019.
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Ukrainian navy Bayraktar TB2 aerial drone. (Picture source Wikimedia)

The Ukrainian armed forces have released videos on the Internet showing the use of the Bayraktar TB2 to destroy the Russian Electronic Warfare (EW) system and command post near Kyiv as well as 9K317 Buk-M2 TELAR Russian air defense missile systems.

Currently, 257 Bayraktar platforms are into service with Turkey, Qatar, Ukraine, and Azerbaijan. This drone holds the record in Turkish aviation history for endurance (with 27 hours 3 minutes) and an altitude of 7,600m.

The Bayraktar TB2 is a Turkish-made medium-altitude long-endurance (MALE) unmanned combat aerial vehicle (UCAV) manufactured by the Turkish Company Baykar Defence. The drone can be remotely controlled or conducted autonomous flight. The whole system consists of Bayraktar TB2 done, a ground station, a ground data terminal, a remote display terminal, an advanced base with generator and trailer modules.

The Bayraktar TB2 can conduct intelligence, persistent aerial Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) missions, but can be also armed with four air-to-surface smart guided missiles that provide high strike precision against static and mobile targets. The armed UAV Bayraktar TB2 is a multi-purpose platform as it can also perform target acquisition using the onboard laser designator. It has a length of 6.5 m, a wingspan of 12 m, and a maximum take-off weight of 700 kg with a payload capacity of 150 kg.

Citing information from the Army-Technology website, Bayraktar TB2 features a monocoque design integrating an inverse v-tail structure. The fuselage is made of carbon fiber, Kevlar and hybrid composites, whereas the joint segments constitute precision computer numerical control (CNC) machined aluminum parts.

This Bayraktar TB2 drone is powered by a single Rotax 912 internal combustion injection engine developing 105 hp. The engine is positioned between the tail booms and fuel is stored in bladder tanks. It can fly at a maximum speed of over 220 km with a maximum cruising range of up to 6,000 km. It can reach a maximum altitude of 8.2 km and has a flight endurance of 27 hours.

The Bayraktar TB2 is equipped with the Baykar Real-Time Imagery Transmission System (BGAM) providing real-time image transmission and processing solutions to the defense industry. The BGAM allows high-resolution, non-delay live broadcasts to be monitored by multiple users at the same time. The BGAM is a web-based application that allows users to watch live broadcasts securely on the network or on tablets using the mobile application via the internet.

The BGAM system automatically stores all transmitted imagery into 30-minute files. While monitoring live imagery, users can take multi-tag notes on the system. Saved tags and labels will facilitate, at a later date, the search through archive videos. In a similar way, based on these notes, a mission log can be created and then exported. Archived files can be filtered by date and by metadata.

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