The ZTD-05 is an amphibious assault tracked armoured vehicle designed and manufactured in China. The ZTD-05 belongs to the series of amphibious vehicles developed by China. It is the fastest and most advanced medium-sized AAV. The ZTD-05 was designed for China by the Tula KBP bureau, using the fighting compartment of the Russian BMP-3 armoured infantry fighting vehicle as the starting point. The Kurgan machine-building plant was involved in the development of the rest of the vehicle, as well as the launch of its mass production.
ZBD-04: infantry version with 30 mm gun There is also a command post version
The ZTD-05 is armed with a fully-stabilised 105mm rifled gun, similar to that found on the ZTS63A amphibious tank. The gun can fire the armour piercing fin stabilised discarding sabot (APFSDS), high explosive (HE), and high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) rounds, and the Chinese indigenous 105mm gun-fired laser beam riding guidance anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) derived from the Russian 9M117 Bastion technology. The missile offers the vehicle the capability to fire at targets on shore while the vehicle is swimming at sea, where conventional ammunitions have poor accuracy due to the effect of the sea wave. Secondary weapons include a 7.62mm coaxial machine gun, and two sets of four smoke grenade launchers mounted on the side of the turret.
The hull and the turret of the ZTD-05 are of all-welded steel armour construction, which give protection against fire of small arms and shell splinters. The rear part of the turret is also fitted with storage rack to provide additional protection against HEAT rounds.
The ZTD-05 is propelled by a strong-powered engine and can navigate at a high speed in water. The powerpack is mounted to the front ofd the vehicle. The ZTD-05 features a large flat, boat-like hull, with six double road wheels and three return rollers. The upper part of the suspension is protected with armor plates.
The ZTD-05 has a very distinguished features, including the retractable spurnwater in front of the body, which can offset the resistance of water and accelerate the movement in water. The ZTD-05 uses a planning hull propelled by two large water jets to achieve a high speed of travelling in the water over a long distance, thus reducing the threats of enemy mines and shore defences faced by the amphibious assault ships. The ZTD-05 is equipped with a computerised fire-control system (FCS), which includes a fire-control computer, light spot commander sight with laser rangefinder input, and light spot gunner sight with passive night vision. For day/night, all-weather amphibious assault operations, the vehicle is also equipped with a GPS navigation and imaged intensifier night vision or thermal imaging system.