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Russia accuses Ukraine to use Tochka-U mobile ballistic missile system to target Donetsk region

According to information published by the Russian press agency TASS and video published on Internet, Ukraine has used the Tochka-U surface-to-surface ballistic missile to reach a military target in the Donetsk region. On the other side, Russian armed forces have used Kinzhal hypersonic missile in the Ivano-Frankivsk region, and the anti-ship missile system Bastion to destroy Ukrainian military facilities near the Black Sea port of Odesa.
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Ukrainian army Tochka-U surface-to-surface mobile ballistic missile. (Archive Picture source Ukraine MoD)

According to the military balance 2021, Ukraine armed forces have a total of 90 9K79 Tochka (SS-21 Scarab) surface-to-surface mobile ballistic missile launcher.

In July 2021, Ukraine has conducted a firing test with a modified version of the Tochka-U (OTR-21 NATO designation SS-21 Scarab) solid-fueled short-range surface-to-surface ballistic missile. The new version was equipped with an emergency stop system and a telemetry control system.

The 9M79 Tochka, NATO designation SS-21 Scarab is a Russian-made mobile short-range ballistic missile that entered into service with the Russian armed forces in 1975. The system is designed to be deployed alongside conventional forces, maintain flexibility on the battlefield, and attack tactical targets such as bridges, storage facilities, troop concentrations, and airfields.

The Tochka missile system is based on a BAZ-5921 6x6 vehicle which is used to transport and launch the missile. The Tochka can carry conventional, nuclear, or chemical warheads. It is a single-stage, single warhead, solid-fueled battlefield short-range ballistic missile with a range of 70 km and inertial guidance to achieve an accuracy of 150 m Circular Error Probable (CEP). It has a 482 kg warhead that can be equipped with conventional, chemical, or nuclear munitions. The nuclear warhead is believed to have a selectable yield of 10 or 100 kT.

The Tochka-U also called Scarab-B has an extended range of 120 km and was developed in the mid-1980s and began replacing the A variant in 1989. It uses the same transporter and launcher vehicle BAZ-5921 as the Tochka version. While the B variant employs inertial guidance for targeting, it also utilizes GPS and radar—or optical terminal correlation system—to increase its accuracy to 95 m CEP. Like the Scarab-A, the Scarab-B is also capable of being tipped with conventional and nuclear payloads, however, increased in-fight maneuverability allows the B version to better avoid missile defenses.

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