Iran unveils new Alborz 3D phased-array radar able to track 300 targets simultaneously

According to information published by the Iranian Mehr Agency on September 1, 2021, the Iranian Army Air Defence Forces have unveiled the new Alborz 3D phased-array radar on Wednesday in the presence of the Commander of Army Air Defense Force Brigadier General Alireza Sabahifard.
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New Iranian-made three-dimensional phased-array radar Alborz. (Picture source Twitter account Yuri Lyamin)

The new Alborz, 3D radar is capable of intercepting and revealing long-range stealth targets or small aerial threats as UAVs (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles). It is a phased-array radar, In antenna theory, a phased array usually means an electronically scanned array, a computer-controlled array of antennas that creates a beam of radio waves that can be electronically steered to point in different directions without moving the antennas.

The Alborz 3D radar has been produced with the aim of intercepting and detecting long-range targets with low radar cross-section. The maximum radar range of the system is 450 km and it is able to identify targets at low altitudes. The radar is also able to track 300 targets simultaneously.

For many years, Iran has invested time and money to design and develop local production of technologies of weapons. Iran acquired significant assistance from other countries, including North Korea and China, to establish domestic production capabilities for major weapons programs.

Tehran maintains particularly close military-to-military ties with Syria and Iraq and has signed basic military cooperation agreements with Afghanistan, Belarus, China, Oman, Russia, South Africa, Sudan, and Venezuela. Iran has also held discussions on defense and security issues with a wider range of countries, including Azerbaijan, Bolivia, Djibouti, India, Italy, Kazakhstan, Lebanon, Pakistan, Qatar, Tanzania, Turkey, and Turkmenistan.