US Army 3rd Infantry Division receives first AMPVs Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicles to replace old M113

On March 13, 2023, the 1st Armored Brigade Combat Team, 3rd Infantry Division of the U.S. Army received the first AMPV (Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle). The AMPV will replace the family of M113 tracked armored vehicles in service with the United States Army. 
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The 1st Armored Brigade Combat Team, 3rd Infantry Division, received the Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV), signifying the completion of the Army's First Unit Equipped for the platform. (Picture source: Dan Heaton, Public Affairs, Next Generation Combat Vehicles Cross Functional Team.)

The AMPV (Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle) is the replacement for the M113 Family of Vehicles within the Armored Brigade Combat Team (ABCT), comprising approximately 30 percent of its tracked vehicle fleet. The Army’s worldwide fleet of AMPVs will include nearly 3,000 vehicles delivered within the next 20 years.

The AMPV is produced by BAE Systems in York, PA. On January 25, 2019, the AMPV entered the low-rate initial production phase (LRIP). The U.S. Army originally planned for acquiring a total of 2,907 AMPVs, with initial vehicle delivery in 2020.

The AMPV program plans to replace 2,897 M113 vehicles at the brigade and below level within the ABCT. There are an additional 1,922 M113s supporting non-ABCT affiliated units (referred to as Echelons Above Brigade EAB units) that are not included in the Army’s modernization plan.

According to Brigadier General Geoffrey Norman, director of the Next Generation Combat Vehicles Cross Functional Team, the AMPV is a more rugged, reliable and capable platform than the M113s that it replaces, bringing more capability to our ABCTs and allowing our formations to transform how they are able to fight.

There are five variants of the AMPV that provide Soldiers with improvements in survivability, protection, weight, size, power, cooling and compatibility with future technologies.

The AMPV shares a common powertrain and suspension with the M2 Bradley Infantry Fighting Vehicle and the M109A7 Paladin self-propelled howitzer, which reduces logistical and mechanical burdens among ABCTs.

US Army 3rd Infantry Division receives first AMPVs Armored Multi Purpose Vehicles to replace old M113 925 002
The AMPV family consists of five variants including the M1283, M1284, M1285, M1286, and M1287. (Picture source BAE Systems)

The AMPV family consists of five mission-role variants:

The M1283 General Purpose (GP) provides protected maneuvers for soldiers alongside ABCT combat vehicles during tactical operations and provides support to the infantry squad during mounted/dismounted assault during tactical operations. The GP variant accommodates two crew and four Soldiers and is reconfigurable to carry one litter.

The M1284 Medical Evacuation variant supports the ABCT integration of medical support and CASEVAC as an integrated part of the networked combat forward formation, enhancing the organic medics who ride with and accompany cavalry units during mounted and dismounted operations. Crew capacity is for three crew members, and a reconfigurable crew compartment that accommodates four litter casualties, six ambulatory (sitting) casualties, or a combination of two litter and three ambulatory casualties.

The M1285 Medical Treatment (MT) variant integrates advanced medical treatment in a mobile surgery suite to the ABCT. The MT hosts four crew members, which includes a medic and Physician Assistant or Unit Surgeon, and a treatment table that can serve to carry one litter patient. The vehicle also hosts the capability for onboard medical equipment for casualty care.

The M1286 Mission Command (MCmd) variant is the cornerstone of the Army’s ABCT Network Modernization Strategy. It takes advantage of increased size, weight, power, and cooling and provides a significant increase in Command, Control, Computers, Communications, Cyber, Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance capability. The variant accommodates two crew members, and three workstation operators, and its hosted network provides full Tactical Command Post capabilities at brigade and battalion levels.

The M1287 Mortar Carrier (MC) provides immediate, responsive, heavy mortar fire support to the ABCT in the conduct of fast paced offensive operations by utilizing the M121 Mortar System and M95 Mortar Fire Control System. The MC variant accommodates four Soldiers, one vehicle crew member and three mortar crew members.