Poland plans to send 60 additional PT-91 tanks to Ukraine

According to a tweet published by "Ukraine Weapon Tracker" on June 28, 2023, Poland could provide Ukraine with 60 additional PT-91 "Twardy" Main Battle Tanks (MBTs) to the newly formed 22nd Mechanized Brigade of the Ukrainian Army. The PT-91 "Twardy" tanks will provide Ukraine with enhanced armored capabilities, strengthening its position against current challenges.
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Polish army PT-91 Main Battle Tank. (picture source: Army Recognition Group)

Poland's decision to transfer these 60 modernized tanks to Ukraine is the latest example of the strong cooperation between the two countries. As a member of the European Union and NATO, Poland recognizes the importance of supporting Ukraine. This recent tank donation adds to the previous deliveries, which already include over 250 T-72M and T-72M1(R) tanks, 14 Leopard 2A4 tanks, and  60 PT-91s tanks.

The PT-91 "Twardy" tanks are known for their robustness and reliability on the battlefield. Through modernization, they are equipped with advanced communication systems, reinforced armor, and improved firepower. These tanks also offer enhanced mobility and maneuverability, which are crucial in complex operational environments.

The PT-91 tank features a 125 mm main gun, a 7.62 mm coaxial PKT machine gun, and a 12.7 mm NSV anti-aircraft machine gun. It has steel armor and incorporates Polish-made ERA reactive armor ERAWA-1 and ERAWA-2. The PT-91 is utilized by several countries, including Poland, Malaysia, and Ukraine. Designed in Poland, it can achieve a road speed of 60 km/h. The tank is equipped with a fire control system, an NBC protection system, and night vision equipment. It has a maximum range of 650 km and requires a crew of three. The vehicle has a mass of 45.9 tonnes and measures 6.95 meters in length (9.67 meters with the barrel in the forward position). It has a width of 3.59 meters and a height of 2.19 meters.

The PT-91 is equipped with a PZL-Wola S-12U diesel engine, providing 850 horsepower (630 kW). With a power-to-weight ratio of 18.5 hp/tonne (13.8 kW/tonne). The transmission is manual, and the vehicle features torsion-bar suspension for enhanced stability and maneuverability.

The transfer of Polish PT-91 "Twardy" tanks to the 22nd Mechanized Brigade of the Ukrainian Army is a significant step in the context of the Russo-Ukrainian conflict. This contribution enhances the defense and offensive capabilities of the brigade and Ukraine as a whole.