The President is the nominal Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces, and presides over the Supreme Defence Council. The Prime Minister is the supreme military authority in wartime. The Chief of Defence General staff has substansial powers as regards operational deployment of the armed forces, while the three Commander forces are responsable to administrative and training aspects. The Joint Operational Command is directly under the Chief of the defence General Staff. The total active manpower is around 190,000 military personnel, 113,000 carabinieri, and 43,000 civil employees. There is also a paramilitary forces, with 105,000 police guards and 60,000 financial guards.
The total army land forces is around 108,000 soldiers.