Type 16 MCV Maneuver Combat Vehicle
8x8 105mm wheeled armored fire support vehicle - Japan
The Maneuver Combat Vehicle or MCV also called Type-16 is an 8x8 anti-tank combat vehicle armed with a 105mm gun. The vehicle is a project led by the Technical Research & Development Institute of Japan's Ministry of Defense. The first prototype of the 8x8 MCV was unveiled on October 9, 2013. According to local media, the MCV will be manufactured by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries. The Maneuver Combat Vehicle has greater mobility than a tank and is light enough to be transported by air, officials said, adding that the vehicle is suitable for the defense of remote islands and for protecting nuclear and other important facilities. According to the Japanese Ministry of Defense, it was developed at a total cost of 17.9 billion yen (around US$183 million), based on technologies used by the United States for the U.S. wheeled armored vehicle Stryker. With a combat weight of 26 tons, it is also light enough to be transported by C-2 military transport aircraft, allowing the Japanese Self-Defense Forces to deploy the vehicles in target areas more quickly, than a main battle tank as the Type 90 or Type 10. Since 2008, the Japanese Technical Research & Development Institute of the Ministry of Defense has made several prototypes. And the latest vehicle was the fourth prototype completed at the end of September 2013. It is scheduled to be tested in 2014 or 2015 by the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force and deployed in 2016.
Type 16 MCV variants:
- No variants at this time.
The Type 16 MCV 105mm is fitted with a three-man turret armed with 105mm which is equipped with a thermal sleeve and fume extractor. The vehicle can fire the same standard ammunition including APDS-T and HESH-T as the Type 74 main battle which is currently in service with the Japanese army. A 7.62mm coaxial machine gun is mounted to the right side of the main armament. A 12.7mm machine gun is mounted on the loader hatch which is located right on top of the turret.
|Design and protection|
The design of the 8x8 MCV Type 16 is very similar to the Italian 8x8 Centauro tank destroyer, but for the MCV the driver is seated at the front of the hull on the right side with the power pack to the left. The driver position is equipped with a single hatch with three-day periscopes for forward observation. The central one can be replaced by a passive periscope for driving at night. The turret is mounted towards the rear of the hull. A single door is mounted at the rear of the hull. The other three crew personnel are located in the turret, with the gunner and loader on the right side and the commander on the left side. The hull and turret of the MCV are protected with add-on armor to increase protection against IEDs (Improvised Explosive Devices) and RPG (rocket-propelled grenade) rockets. The vehicle provides also standard protection against the firing of small arms and artillery shell splinters. The MCV has a combat weight of around 26 tons and measures 8.45 m in length, 2.98 m in width, and 2.87 m in height.
|The MCV Type 16 uses an 8x8 chassis based on an armored vehicle personnel carrier. The 8x8 MCV is motorized with a water-cooled four-cylinder diesel engine developing 570 hp. at 2,100 rpm. The vehicle is able to reach a maximum road speed of 100 km with a maximum cruising range of 400 km.|
|The MCV Type-16 is equipped with roof-mounted panoramic sight located at the front of the commander position. The gunner and commander are equipped with day/night thermal sights with a computerized fire control which allows the 8x8 MCV Type-16 to fire on the move during night and day and in all weather conditions. A weather sensor made by the French Company Thales is mounted at the top rear part of the turret and laser range finder detectors are fitted on each side at the front of the turret. One radio antenna is mounted on each side at the rear of the turret.|
|One 105mm gun, one 7.62mm coaxial machine, and one roof-mounted 12.7mm machine gun.||Standard protection against firing of small arms and artillery shell splinters, add-on armor to increase protection against IEDs and RPG.|
|UAE / Canada Strei||100 km/h|
|Computerized fire control, thermal day/night sight view, panoramic sight, weather sensor, laser range finder detectors||400 km|
|4||Lenght: 8.45 m; Width: 2.98 m; Height: 2.87 m|
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