152mm tracked self-propelled howitzer - Russia
The 2S19 Msta-S is a 152 mm self-propelled howitzer designed by the Soviet Union that entered into service with the Russian army service in 1989 as the successor to the 2S3 Akatsiya. The howitzer is designed to defeat unsheltered and covered manpower, weapons, and materiel to the division level. The 2S19 was accepted for service with the former Soviet Army in 1989. Initial production was undertaken by the Uraltransmash facility before being transferred to the Sterlitamak Machine Construction Factory in Bashkiriya. The first production systems were completed in 1989. This vehicle was developed under the codename MSTA-S in the 1980s at the Uraltransmash facility, as the replacement for the older 152 mm 2S3 and 152 mm 2S5 self-propelled artillery systems. In the Russian Army, the 2S19 is normally deployed in batteries of six guns. Each regiment would normally have three batteries to give a total strength of 18 2S19 systems. The 2S19 is also called MSTA-S, with the S standing for Samokhodnyj, or self-propelled.
2S19 Msta-S variants:
- 2S19M: with new computerized fire control
- 2S19M1: improved version with automatic laying system and Glonass.
- 2S19M2 or 2S33 "Msta-SM2": Improved version currently in production equipped with a new automatic fire control system which increases the rate of fire. Digital electronic maps are now available which significantly speeds up the terrain orientation in difficult geographical conditions and allows for performing faster and more efficiently firing missions. Russians say that its range is up to 80 km.
The main armament of 2S19 comprises a long-barreled 152 mm gun, the 2A64, fitted with a fume extractor and a muzzle brake. The 152 mm 2A64 main armament of the 2S19 is manufactured by the Barrikady State Production Association. The 152 mm 2A64 gun fires a HE-FRAG (high-explosive fragmentation) round designated OF-45 to a maximum range of 24.7 km. When the 2S19 is traveling the ordnance is held in position by a traveling lock mounted on the glacis plate. An NSVT machine gun 12,7 mm is mounted to the vehicle commander hatches, which can be remotely controlled, with a searchlight, which can be remotely controlled from under full armor protection.
|Design and protection|
The hull and turret are of all-welded steel armor construction which provides protection from small arms fire, shell splinters, and mines. The chassis of the 2S19 is based on MBT assemblies, with the suspension and running gear from the T-80 MBT and the power pack from the T-72 MBT, but the 2S19 had a distinct exhaust outlet on the left side that is not on the T-80 which is powered by a gas-turbine engine. The crew of five consists of a commander, driver, gunner, and two loaders.
|The 2S19 is powered by a diesel engine with direct injection and mixed supercharge. It is a high-speed, four-cycle, multi-fuel, liquid-cooled engine. The suspension is of the torsion bar type with six road wheels, an idler at the front, a drive sprocket at the rear, and track-return rollers with the upper part of the track being covered by armor plates.|
|Standard equipment for the 2S19 includes the 1V116 intercom system, R-173 radio set and PPO three-way automatic fire extinguishing system, passive night vision equipment for the driver, NBC filter and ventilation systems, and the ability to lay a smoke screen by injecting diesel fuel into the exhaust outlet on the left side of the hull.|
|One 152 mm gun, one 12.7 mm machine gun||The hull and turret are of all-welded steel armor, protection from small arms fire, shell splinters and |
|Designer Country||Vehicle Speed|
|Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Ethiopia, Georgia||60 km/h on road|
|Night vision, NBC protection system,||500 km|
|5||Length: 7,15 m; Width: 3,38 m; Height: 2,99 m|
Pictures - Video