BUK-M2 SA-17 Grizzly 9K317 9A317E
Medium-range surface-to-air defense missile system - Russia
The Buk-M2 (NATO name SA-17 Grizzly, Russian name 9K317) is a Russian-made mobile medium-range surface-to-air missile (SAM) system designed to defend field troops and logistical installations against air threats. SA-17 Grizzly is an upgraded version of the proven Buk-M1 mobile air defense system and retains its main features. It defeats strategic and tactical aircraft, tactical ballistic missiles, cruise missiles, air-launched missiles, guided aerial bombs and helicopters, including hovering rotorcraft, in the presence of heavy electronic countermeasures and under intense enemy fire. Moreover, it can be used against sea-surface and ground targets. The Buk-M2E SAM system includes combat elements, such as a target-acquisition radar, a battle management station, self-propelled firing vehicles, illumination and guidance radar, loader-launcher vehicles, surface-to-air guided missiles, as well as maintenance and repair facilities. The combat elements can be mounted either on tracked or wheeled chassis. Wheeled trucks carry the maintenance facilities. The Buk-M2 can engage a wide variety of targets from aircraft to missiles flying at an altitude of between 10 and 24,000 m at a maximum range of 50 km in given conditions. The SA-17 Grizzly can engage simultaneously up to 24 targets flying from any direction. In February 2021, Kazakhstan’s Ministry of Defense (MoD) announced that it has taken delivery of its first battalion set of the Russian-made 9K317M2E Buk-M2E (SA-17 'Grizzly') self-propelled air-defense system.
Buk-M2 SA-17 Variants:
- BUK-M2E (Ural): export version
- SA-N-12: Naval verrsion
- HQ-16: Chinese version
The BUK-M2 SA-17 Grizzly is essentially a tracked chassis that carries radar and a launcher with four missiles. A total of four ready-to-fire missiles are carried on a turntable-type launcher assembly mounted on the vehicle's rear decking. The phased-array radar is mounted at a raised angle at the head of the turntable assembly.
The BUK-M2 SA-17 Gadfly uses the new 9M317 missile. The SA-17 Grizzly may also launch the 9M38 and 9M38M1 missiles. The missile was developed as a joint weapon for the Russian Army and Navy air defense systems and has an extended engagement envelope when compared to the original Buk-M1 9M38M1 missile. The Buk M2E / SA-17 Grizzly 9A317 TELAR is equipped with the new NIIP 9S36 passive phased array engagement radar, which provides the capability to concurrently track and illuminate multiple targets for the four 9M317 Grizzly SAM rounds. The unified multi-functional 9M317 and 9M317E missiles are developed in compliance with advanced tendencies and classic traditions in the development of the world missile construction industry. It is a high-precision guided weapon integrated in the Army and Navy air defense systems and it is intended to defeat modern as well as future aerodynamic, ballistic, surface and radio-contrast surface threats. The 9M317 and 9M317E missiles designed by the DRPE JSC have passed complete series of ground and flight trials in various weapon systems. The missiles successfully hit following types of targets at the testing stage: analogs of tactical ballistic missiles, strategic cruise missiles, anti-ship missiles, cruise missiles, aircraft of the army, tactical and strategic aviation, helicopters, surface and ground radio contrast targets. The 9M317 missile is used in the Army in air defense missile system BUK Ml-2 and the 9M317E missile is used in the Navy in air defense missile system Shtil-1. The missiles can be integrated in the newly-developed systems providing them with multifunctional ability.
|The BUK-M2 SA-17 Grizzly uses the same launcher vehicle chassis, and overall has a similar configuration to the SA-11 GADFLY. The Buk-M2 uses the GM-569 chassis designed and produced by JSC Metrowagonmash. The crew compartment provides protection from small arms fire as well as being sealed against an NBC attack. The suspension on either side consists of six dual road wheels with the drive sprocket at the rear, idler at the front, and four track-return rollers which support the inside of the double-pin track only. The SA-17 Grizzly 9A317E can run at a maximum speed of 65 km/h on the road and 45 km/h on cross-country, with a maximum range of 500 km.|
|The 9S510E Command Post vehicle conducts analysis of the air situation around the launch unit, controls and monitors the various fire units and designates and assigns the targets to the individual launch vehicles. Communication is via extendable radio communications antenna and wire. |
- 9S18M1-3E Target detection Stations
- 9A317E self-propelled fire unit
- 9S36E Target Illumination and Guidance Radar (TIGR)
- 9A316E loader-launcher unit (LLU) with 8 missiles
- 9M317 surface-to-air missile
Main maintenance and repair assets:
- 9V36 Technical Maintenance Vehicle
- Repair and maintenance vehicles: 9V937, 9V938, 9V894-M1-3E
- AG3-M1 Technical maintenance and repair shop vehicle
- 9T459-1 and 9T459-2 trailers
- 9T243 transport vehicle
- 9T318-1 rigging equipment set.
|Medium-range surface-to-air missile systems||710 kg|
|Four missiles 9M317, 9M317E, 9M38 or 9M38M1||5.5 m|
|Country users||Range missile|
|Russia, Kazakhstan||2,500 to 50,000 m|
|50-70 kg HE fragmentation with radar proximity and contact fuzing system||Terminal semi-active radar homing with inertial mid-course and course correction radio datalink updating|
|180 kg||Phased-array radar|
|4||Length: 8 m; Width: 3,3 m; Height: 3,8 m|
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