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TOS-1 Buratino heavy flame thrower 220mm rocket launcher
 
 
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TOS-1 TOS-1A Buratino heavy flame thrower 220mm rocket launcher technical data sheet specifications information description pictures photos images video intelligence identification intelligence Russia Russian army defence industry military technology
 
Description
The TOS-1 heavy flame thrower system is a 220mm 30-barrel multiple rocket launcher system which can fire rockets with thermobaric or incendiary warheads. The Russian development of the TOS-1 began in the late 1980s. Heavy flamethrower system TOS-1 was designed and created by the beginning of the 1980s. It represents a complex of combat vehicle - launcher, rockets and transport and loading vehicle. The flame thrower system is mounted on on a T-72 tank chassis with an armored cluster of tubes. The enemy is killed by effect of excessive pressure and high temperature during explosion of the thermobaric mixtures delivered to the target by rockets. The TOS-1 enters in service with the Russian army at end of 2000. The vehicle has beed deployed during the war in Chechnya. The TOS-1 heavy flame thrower system is designed to destroy lightly armoured vehicles, to set fire and destroy buildings and various constructions and to kill enemy personnel in the open or in shelters. The whole system comprises a BM-1 combat vehicle, two TZM-T transporter-loader vehicle and 72 NURS unguided rocket projectiles.
 
Variants
- TOS-1A: upgrade version of TOS-1, the launch vehicle is equipped with 24 tubes in place of 30. The minimum range is 400 m and the maximum range is 6,000 m.
 
Technical Data
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Armament
A large box with launchers tubes are mounted on the center of a modified Russian-made main battle tank T-72 chassis. The chassis mounts a rotary table in assembly with a tipping unit of the rocket launcher, the servodrives, and a fire control system. The rotary table is electrically powered to move in elevation and direction. The box consists of four layers with a total of 30 x 220 mm rockets tubes, the top layer has six launcher tubes while three bottom layers has six launcher tubes. The TOS-1 fires 220mm unguided rockets with a mimum range of 600 m and a maximum range of 4,000 m. All the rocket can be fired at the same time in 6 seconds maximum. The zone of ensured destruction from a Buratino salvo is 200 x 400 meters. For it's self-protection the TOS-1 launch vehicle is equipped with two smoke-grenade dischargers on each at the front of the hull.
Design and protection
The TOS-1 is a T-72 Russian-made main battle tank with the turret removed. The driver is at the front in the centre of the chassis, and there is two small turret behind for the other members of the crew. The hull is made in steel which provide a protection for the crew against firing of small arms and shell splinters.
Mobility
The TOS-1 is based on the chassis of the Russian-made T-72 main battle tank. The vehicle is motorized with a V-12 multifuel engine V-84-1 developing a power of 840 hp at 2,000 rpm. The TOS-1 launch vehicle has a total weight of 46,000 kg, it can run at a maximum road speed of 60 km/h with a maximum range of 550 km without additionnal fuel tanks. The suspension consists each side of siw road wheels with the idler at the front, drive sprocket at the rear and rear and three return rollers supporting the inside of the track only. The upper part of the suspension is protected by rubber plates.
Accessories
The TOS-1 launch vehicle is equipped with a fire control system, ballistic computer, aiming sight and laser range finder 1D14. The right side hatch is fitted with a small infrared light. Two stabilizing jacks are mounted at the rear of the chassis which are deployed on the ground for firing.
 
Specifications
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Armament
30 x 220 mm rocket launcher tubes
Country users
Russia, Kazakhstan
Designer Country
Russia
Accessories
Fire control system, ballistic computer, laser range finder,
Crew
3
Armor
Protection against small arms and shell splinters.
Weight
46,000 kg
Speed
60 km/h maximum road speed
Range
550 km
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Dimensions
Length, 6.86 m; Width, 3.46 m; Height, 2.6 m
 
Details View
 
TOS-1 TOS-1A Buratino heavy flame thrower 220mm rocket launcher technical data sheet specifications information description pictures photos images video intelligence identification intelligence Russia Russian army defence industry military technology
 
TOS-1 TOS-1A Buratino heavy flame thrower 220mm rocket launcher technical data sheet specifications information description pictures photos images video intelligence identification intelligence Russia Russian army defence industry military technology
TOS-1 TOS-1A Buratino heavy flame thrower 220mm rocket launcher technical data sheet specifications information description pictures photos images video intelligence identification intelligence Russia Russian army defence industry military technology
   
TOS-1 TOS-1A Buratino heavy flame thrower 220mm rocket launcher technical data sheet specifications information description pictures photos images video intelligence identification intelligence Russia Russian army defence industry military technology TOS-1 TOS-1A Buratino heavy flame thrower 220mm rocket launcher technical data sheet specifications information description pictures photos images video intelligence identification intelligence Russia Russian army defence industry military technology
 
Pictures - Video
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Video TOS-1A Buratino heavy flame thrower 220mm rocket launcher
 
 
 

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