Tracked Armored Infantry Fighting Vehicle - Russia
The BMP-2 is a tracked armored Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) designed and manufactured by the Russian defense industry. This vehicle was based on the Russian-made BMP-1. The BMP-2 was manufactured under license in India under the name of "Sarath", and also in some eastern countries, such as the Czech Republic under the name of BVP-2. The BMP-2 infantry fighting vehicle is designed to enhance the mobility, firepower and protection of mounted infantrymen on the battlefield under NBC (Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical) attack. The BMP-2 enters in service with the Russian armed forces in 1980, and the vehicle was seen for the first time in public during a military parade on the Red Square in Moscow, in November 1982. The BMP-2 was deployed by the Russian army during the war in Afghanistan. The vehicle is currently in use in African countries for UN missions.
BMP-2 IFV main variants:
- BMP-2D: variant with add-on armor
- BMP-2E: by injecting diesel fuel into the exhaust outlet on the right side of the hull.
- BMP-2K: command variant with two antennas mounted on the rear of the hull, one behind the turret and one on the right-hand side of the rear of the vehicle, one IFF antenna on the left-hand side of the rear of the vehicle, and support for a telescopic mast in the front of the IFF antenna. The firing port equipped with the periscope was removed from either side of the vehicle.
- BMP-2M: with an upgrade of armament and powerpack
- BMP-2 Kliver: with one 30mm automatic cannon and four anti-tank launchers mounted on the right side of the turret
- BMO-1: Transport vehicle for a flamethrower squad, armed with 30 RPO-A "Shmel" napalm rocket launchers of 93 mm.
The BMP-2 is fitted with a two-man turret armed with a stabilized 30 mm cannon 2A42 and a 7.62 mm PKT coaxial machine gun mounted to the left of the main armament with 2,000 rounds. A bank of three smoke grenade dischargers is mounted on each side of the turret. The BMP-2 is also able to create a smokescreen by injecting diesel fuel into the exhaust outlet on the right side of the hull. Mounted on the turret roof between the gunner's and commander's hatches is a launcher for an AT-4 SPIGOT or AT-5 SPANDREL ATGM (Anti-Tank Guided Missile) which has a maximum range of 4,000m. The 2A42 two-axis stabilized automatic cannon; the 7.62-mm PKT coaxial machine gun and the antitank guided weapon launcher enable the crew to hit different targets, including tanks and combat helicopters. The BMP-2 is able to attack air and ground targets while the vehicle is moving or stationary. The turret can rotate on 360° with elevation from +75° to - 5º. The gunner can select single shots or one of two automatic rates of fire, low at 200 to 300 rds/min; high at 500 rds./min. The roof-mounted ATGW launcher can be traversed through a full 360º with elevation from -5 to +15º.
|Design and protection|
The layout of BMP-2 is very similar to the design of the BMP-1. The driving compartment is located in the frontal part of the vehicle. It accommodates the driver and one infantryman. The driving compartment is outfitted with observation devices, directional gyro, vehicle steering levers, instruments, actuating devices, and fire-fighting equipment. There is a gun port in the glacis plate. The engine compartment is located in the frontal part of the hull on the starboard side. The turret is located in the middle of the hull, just aft of the engine compartment. The commander and the gunner are positioned in the turret. The troop compartment is located in the rear of the hull between the port and starboard sides. In the middle, it is divided into two sections by the central fuel tank and a container, which holds electrical equipment. The troop compartment has six seats for the mounted personnel: three seats in each section. All seats are equipped with observation instruments and have gun ports nearby through which the mounted personnel can fire with machine guns or individual assault rifles. The infantrymen enter and leave the vehicle through two doors in the rear of the hull. Each door has an observation device and one gun port to fire with individual assault rifles. The hull and the turret are made in all-welded steel which provides protection on the front against 23-mm armor-piercing rounds fired from a distance of 500 m and the sides against 7.62-mm armor-piercing bullets fired from a distance of 75 m. The BMP-1 can be also fitted with add-on armor to increase protection against ballistic and mine threats.
|The BMP-2 engine and transmission are to the right of the driver's compartment with the air inlet and outlet louvers on top of the hull. The BMP-2 IFV is motorized with a four-stroke, six-cylinder Model UTD-20 supercharged diesel engine developing 285/300 hp at 2,600 rpm. The torsion bar suspension of BMP-2 consists of each side with six roadwheels with the drive sprocket at the front, idler at the rear, and three track return rollers. The upper part of the suspension is protected by armor plates. The BMP-1 is able to reach a maximum road speed of 65km/h with a maximum road range of 600 km. The BMP-1 can climb a side slope of 30% and a gradient of 60%, cross a trench of 2.5m, and a vertical obstacle of 0.7m.|
|The BMP-2 is fully amphibious and propelled in the water by its tracks at a maximum speed of 7 km/h. An infra-red searchlight is mounted coaxially to the right of the 30-mm cannon and the commander also has a roof-mounted infra-red searchlight model OU-3GA2. Standard equipment on the BMP-2 includes a full range of night vision equipment for the commander, gunner and driver, a fire extinguishing system, a GPK-59 gyrocompass system, a PAZ overpressure NBC system, an engine preheater, and a turret extractor fan. For mine clearing, the BMP-2 is outfitted with mine-clearing equipment mounted at the front of the vehicle.|
|One 30mm 2A42 cannon, one coaxial machine gun PKT 7.62mm, 1 launcher for AT-5 `Spandrel' or AT-4 `Spigot' ATGW||Protection against small arms and shell splinters. Front 23mm armor-piercing rounds, 7.62-mm armor-piercing bullets for the sides.|
|Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Czech Republic, Finland, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Kuwait, Macedonia, Russia, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syria, Tajikistan, Togo, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Yemen.||14,300 kg|
|Russia||65 km/h maximum road speed|
|Infrared night vision, NBC protection system, fire control system||550 to 600 km|
|3 + 7 soldiers||Length: 6.73 m; Width: 3.15 m; Height: 2.45 m|
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