Main Battle Tank - Russia
The T-80BVM is a modernized version of the T-80BV main battle tank developed by Russia. The tank is designed to be a highly mobile and versatile tank, capable of engaging in various combat scenarios, from urban to rural warfare. This tank is equipped with advanced armament, protection, and mobility systems, making it a formidable force on the battlefield. It is a third-generation main battle tank, featuring a low-profile turret and a well-sloped armored hull, offering enhanced protection against various types of projectiles. The T-80BV itself was developed in the 1980s, while the T-80BVM upgrade program began in the early 2010s. The T-80BVM was first publicly revealed in 2017 during the Zapad military exercise. It was subsequently reported that the tank entered into service with the Russian Ground Forces in 2018.
T-80BVM MBT tank variants:
- No variants at this time
The T-80BVM is armed with a 125mm 2A46M-4 smoothbore gun, capable of firing a wide range of ammunition, including armor-piercing fin-stabilized discarding sabot (APFSDS), high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT), and high-explosive fragmentation (HE-FRAG) rounds. Additionally, the gun can also fire 9M119M Refleks (AT-11 Sniper) anti-tank guided missiles. The missile has a tandem High-Explosive Anti-Tank (HEAT) warhead and is capable of engaging a wide range of armored targets, including main battle tanks with advanced armor protection. The 9M119M Refleks missile is semi-automatic, with the tank gunner tracking the target and maintaining the laser lock until impact. The missile has a range of approximately 100 meters to 5,000 meters, and it can also engage low-flying helicopters and other targets of opportunity, making it a versatile addition to the tank's armament. The second armament includes one coaxial 7.62mm PKT machine gun mounted to right of the main gun, while a 12.7mm NSVT anti-aircraft machine gun is located on the turret's roof. The T-80BVM is equipped with a total of 8 smoke grenade dischargers, with 4 dischargers mounted on each side of the turret. These dischargers can create a smoke screen to obscure the tank's position, providing additional protection and concealment during combat.
|Close-view of the T-80BVM turret|
|Design and protection|
The design of the T-80BVM is standard for a modern Russian Main Battle Tank (MBT) with the driver at the front of the hull, the turret in the middle, and the power pack at the rear. The hull and the turret of the T-80BVM feature angular armor designs, which increase the effective thickness of the armor and help to deflect incoming projectiles. This design significantly enhances the tank's protection against various types of threats. The tank is equipped with the Relikt reactive armor plates on both the hull and the turret. These plates are visible in the image as rectangular blocks. Reactive armor provides additional protection against shaped charge warheads, such as those found on anti-tank missiles and high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) rounds. The tank is fitted with armored side skirts that provide additional protection to the hull's sides, particularly against anti-tank rockets and missiles. The rear part of the turret and the hull are fitted with wire cage armor to increase protection against RPGs (Rocket Propelled Grenades). The side skirts cover the majority of the tracks and the suspension system.
|The T-80BVM is powered by a GTD-1250 gas turbine engine, generating 1,250 horsepower. The tank features a torsion bar suspension system and is capable of reaching a top speed of 70 km/h on roads and 45 km/h off-road. The T-80BVM has a range of 500 km with internal fuel and can be extended with additional fuel drums. The T-80BVM main battle tank is equipped with a torsion bar suspension system that is designed to provide a smooth ride, excellent traction, and stability on various terrains. The torsion bar suspension consists of six pairs of road wheels on either side of the tank, with each wheel mounted on a torsion bar. The road wheels are made of lightweight aluminum and have rubber tires. The suspension system also includes a rear drive sprocket, a front idler wheel, and multiple return rollers that help guide the tracks. The torsion bar suspension system allows the adjustment of the ground clearance, ensuring that the tank can traverse rough terrain without getting bogged down. Additionally, the system provides excellent shock absorption, minimizing the wear and tear on the tank's components. The tank is capable of crossing water obstacles up to 1.8 m deep with standard preparation and up to 5 m deep with special preparation. The tank can traverse slopes up to 30° and side slopes up to 25°. It can cross trenches up to 2.85 m wide and vertical obstacles up to 1 m high.|
|Standard equipment of the T-80BVM includes a Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical (NBC) protection system to protect the crew from hazardous substances, and a modern radio communication system that allows the crew to communicate with other tanks, ground units, and higher headquarters. The T-80BVM is equipped with an advanced fire control system that includes a 1A43U sighting system with an integrated laser rangefinder, a 1G46M ballistic computer, and a TKN-4S Agat-MR day/night commander's sight. These systems enable the tank to accurately engage targets at varying distances, even in low light or adverse weather conditions. The gunner's thermal sight on the T-80BVM is designed to provide thermal imaging of the battlefield, enhancing the tank's situational awareness and target acquisition capabilities. The commander's panoramic sight on the T-80BVM provides a 360-degree view of the surrounding area, enabling the commander to monitor the battlefield and direct the tank's movements.|
|One 125mm cannon, one 7.62mm coaxial machine, and one 12.7mm heavy machine gun||Combination of composite armor, explosive reactive armor (ERA), and modular armor.|
|Russia||75 km/h road speed, 45 km/h off-road|
|A fire control system, Gunner's thermal sight, Commander's panoramic sight, NBC protection system, Radio communication system||500 km with internal fuel|
|Crew||Dimensions (Gun forward)|
|3||Length: 9.65 m; Width: 3.6 m; Height: 2.2 m|
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Pictures - Video