AMV Patria 8x8 Armoured Modular Vehicle
Wheeled APC Armoured Personnel Carrier- Finland
The Patria AMV (Armored Modular Vehicle) is an 8x8 multi-role military vehicle produced by the Finnish defense industry company Patria. Patria AMV offers the latest technology and the highest payload capacity enabling the simultaneous integration of high protection levels and heavy weapon systems without compromising the mobility of the vehicle. Patria AMV, Armoured Modular Vehicle, has been on serial production since 2004. The first prototype was manufactured in 2001. Two years later the Finnish Defense Forces received the first vehicles whereas the year 2004 marked the start up of serial production. Patria AMV is available in several versions and is qualified for its high level of mine protection. The vehicle is fielded with excellent references from crisis management missions in Afghanistan and Chad by EU/NATO forces. Patria AMV is currently the only vehicle in its class designed for this millennium threat scenario in serial production and fielded to international missions. Up to now over 1,300 vehicles have been contracted by various customers. Patria AMV was already chosen by the FMV in 2009. The Polish Army has ordered 313 AMVs with the Italian Oto Melara 30 mm turret and 377 AMVs in various other configurations to be delivered between 2004 and 2013. Some of the Polish vehicles are currently employed in Afghanistan. The Polish vehicles are known as KTO Rosomak ("wolverine") in the Polish Army service. The Finnish Army has ordered 24 AMVs fitted with the AMOS mortar system and 62 AMVs fitted with Protector M151 remote weapon system. Patria will supply 135 vehicles to the Slovenian army, some equipped with the NEMO mortar, some with Elbit 30 mm remote-controlled weapon station, and the rest with Kongsberg Protector turrets. In July 2007, Croatia orders 84 Patria AMV. In May 2007, South African Denel Land Systems was awarded a contract to build an improved version of the AMV to replace the old wheeled armored vehicle Ratel. In January 2008 Patria announced that the United Arab Emirates armed forces had ordered the AMV, equipped with the BMP-3 turret. In August 2010, Patria sold 113 AMVs to Sweden in a deal worth 250 million Euros. During the European Land Robot Trial (ELROB) event that was held in Belgium from 24 to 28 September 2018, the Finnish Company Patria demonstrated a new unmanned version of a fully digitalized AMV, an 8x8 armored multirole vehicle.
Patria AMV variants:
The AMV is offered in three main variants: a basic platform, a high-roof platform, and a heavy weapon platform.
- AMV basic platform: includes APC, IFV, C2, ambulance, reconnaissance, mortar carrier, FCV, ATGM, and MGS vehicles. The basic platform can also be provided as an extended Basic L platform with increased internal volume.
- AMV high roof platform: features a larger and higher rear compartment, which allows more space-requiring work to be done inside the vehicle. The AMV SP is suitable for C3, large ambulance and workshop vehicles.
- AMV heavy weapon platform: features a stronger structure, enabling the fitting of heavy weapon systems e.g. Patria AMOS 120 mm mortar turret or Mobile Gun System.
- AMV XP: new version launched in 2014 with Extra Payload, Extra Performance and Extra Protection.
The high payload of the Patria AMV allows the use of various types of weapon systems that can be integrated into the vehicle, from 7.62 mm to 105 mm turret systems or 120 mm AMOS / Patria Nemo mortar systems. The basic version of the 8x8 Patria AMV is equipped with the Patria PML 127 OWS turret armed with a 12.7mm heavy machine gun. The PML 127 OWS turret has electro-hydraulic drives with 360° traverse and -8° to +48° of elevation. The Patria AMV can be configured with different types of weapon stations or turrets with armament up to 120mm cannon.
|Design and protection|
The layout of the Patria AMV is divided in three main parts with the power pack at the front right of the hull, the driver front left and the troop's compartment at the rear. A weapon station or turret can be mounted in the middle of the top hull. The Patria AMV can carry a total of 11 military personnel including a driver, commander, gunner, and 8 troops. The commander hatch is located immediately on the back of the driver position. There is two more large hatches at the rear of the troop's compartment roof. The infantrymen can enter and leave the vehicle via a large door located at the rear of the hull that opens to the right. The rear door is fitted with small bulletproof windows and one firing port. The Patria AMV has a combat weight from 16,000 to 30,000 kg depending on the configuration with a maximum payload of 13,000 kg. The internal volume of the vehicle is 13m³. The hull of the Patria AMV is of all-welded steel construction that provides the crew and infantryman protection against the firing of small arms and artillery shell splinters. The vehicle can be fitted with additional passive armor to increase the level of protection. The driver is provided with a single-piece hatch cover that opens to the rear and with a day periscope on the front, which can be replaced by a passive night vision device. The AMV has one of the best protection levels in its class up to 30 mm APFSDS from the frontal arc and mine blast protection of up to 10 kg TNT under the wheels and the floor. The vehicle is fitted with modular ballistic protection to the customer specification up to a protection level against 30mm armor-piercing APFSDS rounds.
|The Patria AMV is motorized with a Scania turbocharged diesel engine with an output of between 335 and 536 hp. coupled to a manual or ZF Ecomat 7HP902 automatic transmission with 7 forward and 1 reverse gears. Depending of the customer, the vehicle can be powered by other Diesel engines such as Caterpillar, Cummins, or MTU. The Patria AMV uses an 8x8 chassis with fully independent hydropneumatic suspension with a double wishbone on every wheel station with optional adjustment. The driveline includes all-wheel drive, 14.00 R 20 tires with run-flat devices, disc brakes, and a central tire inflation system (CTIS). The Patria AMV has a maximum road speed of over 100km/h with a road cruising range of 800 km. The vehicle can negotiate 60% forward slopes, 30% side slopes, 0.7m vertical step and trenches up to 2.0m in width. The vehicle can ford water up to 1.5m in depth without any preparation.|
|Standard equipment of Patria AMV could include a fire detection and suppression system, NBC protection system, air conditioning system, central tire inflation system, radios, intercom, and night vision equipment. The Patria AMV is equipped with a central tire inflation system. The gunner has a Zeiss PERI-Z16A1 sight and NAE 200 day/night periscope sight with a GEN II+ image intensifier. ACCD / thermal camera is optional. The Patria AMV is fully amphibious and propelled in the water thanks to two propellers, one on each side at the rear of the hull. The vehicle can swim at a speed from 8 to 10 km/h.|
|one 7.62 mm or 12.7 mm machine gun, and cannon up to 120mm||Protection against 30mm APFSDS from the frontal arc and mine protection of up to 10 kg TNT.|
|Croatia, Finland, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Sweden, United Arab Emirates.||16,000 to 30,000 kg combat weight|
|Finland||100 km/h maximum speed on a road|
|Fire detection and suppression system,NBC protection system, night vision equipment, central tyre inflation system, and air conditioning system||800 km|
|3 + 8||Length: 7.7 m; Width: 2.8 m; Height: 2.3 m hull|
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