8x8 wheeled armored vehicle personnel carrier Russia
The BTR-80 is a Russian-made 8x8 armoured vehicle personnel carrier (APC) designed and manufactured by the Company Arzamas machinery Construction Plant of Nizhny Novgorod. The BTR-80 8 x 8 armored personnel carrier is designed to carry infantry soldiers on the battlefield and provide close fire support. The vehicle can be also used for reconnaissance, combat support and patrol missions. It entered service with the Russian army in 1984 and has since been used in a number of military conflicts, including UN peacekeeping operations. The vehicle is in production and in service with the Russian army and many other countries in the world. The BTR-80 can be carry by military transport aircraft such as the An-22 and IL-76.
BTR-80 APC variants:
- BTR-80A: armed with 30 mm 2A72 cannon.
- BTR-80K: command vehicle APC with telescopic antenna mast, TNA-4 navigation device and R-168 series of radio equipment.
- BRDM-3: reconnaissance armoured vehicle with same armament as BTR-80A but with new sight and night vision system
- BTR-82: based on BTR-80 armed with 14.5mm heavy machine gun, new improved armour, new powerful engine, and new sight and night vision system TKN-4GA-02
- BTR-82A: same as BTR-82 but armed with 2A72 30mm cannon
- BREM-K: armoured recovery vehicle
- RKhM-4: NBC reconnaissance vehicle
- R-149BMRA: command and signals vehicle.
- R-149MA3: command and signals vehicle.
- R-439-BK1: SatCom station.
- K1Sh1: command post vehicle with bigger hull and unarmed turret
- E-351BrM: mobile electric power station.
- PU-12M6: artillery battery command vehicle
- 1V152: command and forward observer vehicle for field artillery units.
- R-149BMR: signals vehicle.
- R-149MA3: command and signals vehicle.
- R-165B - HF: signals vehicle
- R-439-MD2: SatCom station.
- Infauna: electronic countermeasures vehicle
- BTR-82AM: upgraded version of BTR-80 to the standard of BTR-82A
The BTR-80 is fitted with a one-man turret armed with one 14.5 mm KPVT heavy machine gun. The turret can rotate on 360° and be elevated from +60º to -4°. A bank of six 81 mm smoke grenade dischargers can be mounted at the rear of the turret which can create a smokescreen up to 30 m wide and 10 m high depending on the strength and direction of the wind. The latest variants can be also armed with a PKTM 7.62mm coaxial machine gun. The armament sighting system is manual. The fire control system includes a dual magnification day sight and x5.5 night sight.
|Design and protection|
The hull and the turret are made in all-welded steel armour which provides protection against small arms firing of 7.62 AP ammunition at a range of 100 m for the front and 750 m for the other sides of the vehicle. The BTR-80 can carry seven infantrymen, along with a crew of three, consisting of a commander, gunner and driver. The commander and driver each have a single hatch on top of the hull. A single door is mounted on each side of the hull between the second and third wheels, the upper part of which opens to the front while the lower part folds down to form a step. There are also three firing ports on each side of the hull, and one at the front right side. The front and the two forward-firing ports are designed to be used with the PK 7.62mm machine gun, while the other firing ports will be used with the AK--74 or AKM assault rifle.
|The BTR-80 is motorized with a V-8 KamAZ-7403 V-8 turbocharged diesel developing 260 hp. or YaMZ-238M2 V-8 turbocharged diesel developing 240 hp. coupled to a manual transmission with 5 forward and one reverse gears. The BTR-80 uses a four-axle’s chassis with torsion bar suspension and hydraulic shock absorbers. The BTR-80 can run at a maximum road speed of 80 Km/h with a maximum road range endurance of 600 km. The BTR-80 can climb a slope with up to 60% gradient, a vertical step of 0.5 m, and cross a trench of 2 m.|
|Standard equipment of the BTR-80 includes an NBC (nuclear, biological, chemical) protection system, automatic firefighting system, camouflage devices, bilge pumps, and a 4-6 tones self-recovery winch mounted at the front of the hull. The BTR-80 is fully amphibious and propelled in the water at a maximum speed of 10 km/h by a single water jet mounted at the rear of the hull. Before entering the water the trim vane is erected at the front of the vehicle, the drain valves are closed and locked, the tire pressure is lowered and the cover over the water-jet system is opened. One searchlight OU-3GA2M is mounted on the top of the turret.|
|One 14.5 KPVT heavy machine gun, one PKVT 7.62mm machine gun||Protection against small arms firing 7.62 mm AP and shell splinters|
|Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, North Korea, South Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Macedonia, Moldova, Russia, Sudan, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.||13,600 kg|
|Russia||90 km/h maximum road speed, 10 km/h on water|
|NBC system, night vision equipment, central tire-pressure regulation system and one self-recovery winch.||600 km - 480 km cross country|
|3 + 7||Length: 7.65 m; Width: 2.90 m; Height: 2.46 m|
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