Arrow 3 or Hetz 3

Long-range anti-ballistic air defense missile system - Israel

Arrow 3 long range anti ballistic air defense missile system Israel Israeli army defense forces military equipment 925 001


The Arrow 3 is the latest development of the Arrow anti-ballistic missile jointly developed by Israel and the United States. An Arrow 3 battery is able to intercept salvos of more than five ballistic missiles within 30 seconds. The Arrow 3 can be launched into an area of space before it is known where the target missile is going. The Arrow 3 is an upgraded variant of the Arrow 2 air defense missile system in service with the Israeli Defence Forces. In November 2007, it was announced that $98 million was to be allocated for the development of Arrow 3. By August 2008 the United States and Israeli governments have initiated the development of an upper-tier component to the Israeli Air Defense Command, known as Arrow 3, "with a kill ratio of around 99 percent". The development is based on an architecture definition study conducted in 2006–2007, determining the need for the upper-tier component to be integrated into Israel's ballistic missile defense system. According to Arieh Herzog, then Director of Israel Missile Defense Organization (IMDO), the main element of this upper tier will be an exoatmospheric interceptor, to be jointly developed by IAI and Boeing. On February 25, 2013, a fly-out test of the Arrow 3 was conducted from Palmachim Airbase. The launch tested the missile control and engines. In January 18, 2017, Israel’s Missile Defense Organization (IMDO) transferred the first operational Arrow-3 anti-ballistic missile interceptors to the Israeli Air Force. According to a statement published on July 28, 2019, by the U.S. Missile Defense Agency, The Israel Missile Defense Organization (IMDO) of the Directorate of Defense Research and Development (DDR&D) and the U.S. Missile Defense Agency (MDA) completed a successful flight test campaign with the Arrow-3 Interceptor missile. On September 16, 2022, "The Drive" website announced that Germany would have chosen to acquire the Israeli Arrow 3 missile system to strengthen its anti-aircraft defense shield. On September 29, 2022, Israeli Defense Minister Benny Gantz discussed with the German Ministry of Defense Christine Lambrecht about the sale of the Israeli-made Arrow-3 air defense missile system. On March 7, 2023, The Jerusalem Post announced that Germany would shortly take a decision for the purchase of Arrow 3 air defense systems. Information released on April 20, 2023, the Israeli Defense Minister, German Defense Ministry, and the Aerospace Industry are advancing talks and pushing forward the process of finalizing the contract for the sale of the Israeli air defense missile system Arrow 3. On September 28, 2023, Israel and Germany officially signed a deal to move forward with the nearly €4 billion purchase of the Israeli- and American-developed Arrow 3 long-range air defense system. According to information published by the IDF (Israel Defense Forces) on November 4, 2023, the Arrow 3 has successfully intercepted a long-range rocket launched by Hamas towards Eilat, Israel's southernmost city.

Arrow 3 variants:

- No variants at this time. 

Technical Data

Missile launcher unit
As the Arrow 2, the missile launcher unit of Arrow 3 long-range anti-ballistic missile system consists of six erector-launcher tubes and ready-to-fire missiles, mounted at the rear of two axles trailer. In the firing position, the launch tubes are erected at the rear of the trailer in a vertical position and five hydraulic jacks are lowered on the ground, three at the front and two at the rear.
The Arrow 3 missile has two powered stages which is based on hit-to-kill technology out of Earth's atmosphere and will be fitted with a high-resolution Electro-Optical (EO) sensor. Israel Aerospace Industries announced in June 2009, that the Arrow 3 patented exoatmospheric interception method includes a two-stage interceptor, like the Arrow 2, but is purely based on hit-to-kill technology. The Arrow is faster and more accurate than the Arrow 2 with an extended fire range compared to the Arrow 2. Arrow 3 should be able to intercept ballistic missiles, especially those carrying weapons of mass destruction, at altitudes of over 100 km, and with a reported range of up to 2,400 km. It could also be ship-based
As the Arrow 2, the Arrow 3 erector launcher trailer is towed by a military truck.
An Arrow 3 long-range anti-ballistic missile battery includes the ELM-2084 Super Green Pine warning and fire control radar developed by IAI’s Elta Systems, the Citron Tree Battle Management Center and Hazelnut Tree Launcher Control Center developed by Elbit Systems. The new radar EL/M-2084 has both improved range and resolution by up to 50%. The Golden Citron Battle Management Center made by Elbit Systems also received significant new capabilities.


Type Armament
Long-range anti-ballistic missile system Six missiles in individual containers
Country users Range missile altitude
Israel 100 km
Designer Country Guidance system
Israel and the United States Hit-to-kill technology out of Earth's atmosphere, high-resolution Electro-Optical (EO) sensor.
Missile range  Radar and communication station
Up to 2,400 km Super Green Pine EL/M-2084 warning and fire control radar Golden Citron battle management and fire control center (FCR), Brown Hazelnut Launch Control Center (LCC)

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