United States supplies Ukraine with four Avenger AN/TWQ-1 mobile air defense missile systems

According to information by the United States Department of Defense (DoD) on November 10, 2022, the United States supplies Ukraine with four Avenger AN/TWQ-1 air defense missile systems and Stinger missiles.
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U.S. Army Avenger AN/TWQ-1 mobile air defense missile system based on HUMVEE 4x4 tactical vehicle. (Picture source Army Recognition)

The American Avenger air defense systems, which use Stinger missiles, is a capability the U.S. has not previously provided to the Ukrainian armed forces.

The Avenger is a mobile, short-range air defense system that can be used to protect against cruise missiles, helicopters unmanned aerial systems. The system provides shorter air defense protection in range, but with some of the additional capabilities that we and Spain and others have provided, like the HAWK missiles.

The addition of the Avenger system to what the U.S. is providing to Ukraine comes after consultation with the Ukrainians on what they need in their fight against the Russian armed forces.

The Avenger AN/TWQ-1 is an American mobile surface-to-air defense missile system that was manufactured by the company Boeing. It was designed to provide air defense protection for ground units against cruise missiles, unmanned aerial vehicles, low-flying fixed-wing aircraft, and helicopters. In 1987, the U.S. Army awarded the first production contract for 325 units. In 1989, the system began its Initial Operational Test and Evaluation (IOT&E) series of tests and entered into service with the U.S. Army in 1990.

The Avenger AN/TWQ-1 is fitted with a weapon station mounted on the roof of a HUMVEE 4x4 tactical vehicle. The baseline configuration consists of a gunner’s turret with missile pods mounted on each side. Each missile pod, called the standard vehicle-mounted launcher, can hold four FIM-92 Stinger missiles that can be removed and fired in the MANPAD employment configuration.

The Stinger missile has an outward targeting range of up to 4,800 m and can engage low-altitude enemy threats at up to 3,800 m. It can launch its missiles stationary or on the move, with a maximum speed of 35 km/h.