Turkey and Russia launch discussions to acquire second batch of S-400 missile systems
According to news published by the Russian Press Agency Sputnik in August 2020, Russia and Turkey have launched discussions for the delivery of the second batch of S-400 air defense missile system. In September 2017, Russia said that it had signed a contract worth 2.5 billion dollars with Turkey for the delivery of S-400 systems.
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Russian-made S-400 air defense missile system TEL Transporter Erector Launcher. (Picture source OTVAGA 2004 website)
In late 2017, the president of Turkey and Russian officials signed a US$2.5 billion agreement for delivery of the S-400 air defence system units and in November 2019, Russia has announced the delivery of the first batch of S-400 air defense missile systems to Turkey.
The S-400 is one of the most popular air defense missile system in the world, it is in service with Russia, Algeria,, Belarus, China, Turkey and future customers are Saudi Arabia and India.
The S-400 Triumph (NATO reporting name: SA-21 Growler)is a long-range air system developed in the 1990s by Russia's Almaz Central Design Bureau as an upgrade of the S-300 family. It has been in service with the Russian Armed Forces
The S-400 missile has a maximum range of 400 km and can hit all air targets wit high accuracy. The S-400 can also fire the 9M96E and 9M96E2, advanced Surface-to-Air Missiles (SAMs) designed to engage a wide range of aerodynamic and ballistic targets in the most severe clutter and jamming environments with unprecedented effectiveness. These missiles are able to intercept targets at a maximum speed of Mach 15 (4,800-5000 m/s) and at a maximum altitude of 35,000 meters.
The S-400 Triumph system command and control assets and AD missiles can cooperate with various automated control systems and radar facilities. Along with the new AD missiles the system can use the S-300 PMU AD missiles. The S-400 Triumph uses the new Engagement Radar System 92N2E Grave Stone carried by a new 8 x 8 MZKT-7930 vehicle, the battery acquisition radar 96L6 Cheese Board also carried by an 8x8 truck MZKT-7930. new 3D phased array acquisition radar is employed, the 91N6E (NATO Code Big Bird) derived from the 64N6E2, and the 40V6M/MD mast is an available option.