Russia would have received Bavar 373 air defense missile system from Iran

According to information published by "The Guardian" website on April 12, 2022, Russia would have received military equipment and weapons from Iran for its war effort in Ukraine, including Bavar 373 air defense missile system.
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A battery of Bavar 373 includes up to six TEL (Transporter Erector Launcher) each with a launcher unit with four ready-to-fire missiles, Combat Control Post, Search Radar, and Target Tracking Radar. (Picture source Tasnim Iran Press Agency)

Since the fall of the Soviet Union, Russia and Iran have generally enjoyed very close cordial relations. Iran and Russia are strategic allies and form an axis in the Caucasus alongside Armenia. Iran and Russia were also military allies in the conflicts in Syria and Iraq and partners in Afghanistan and post-Soviet Central Asia.

Due to Western economic sanctions on Iran, Russia has become a key trading partner, especially in regard to the former's excess oil reserves. While much of the Iranian military uses Iranian-manufactured weapons and domestic hardware, Iran still purchases some weapons systems from Russia. In turn, Iran has helped Russia with its drone technology and other military technology.

The first prototype of the Bavar-373 was built on 22 November 2011 and it was formally unveiled during a ceremony attended by the Iranian President Hassan Rouhani on 22 August 2019. It was first used in October 2020 by the Iranian Army and Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC) during a military exercise.

The latest version of Bavar 373 seems to be based on a 10×10 “Zoljanah” truck with four rectangular container launchers mounted at the rear of the chassis. Each container contains one Sayyad-4 missile. According to the Iranian defense industry, the Sayyad-4 has a range of 300 km and can reach an altitude of 27 kilometers. It is designed to intercept and destroy any type of aerial target as well as ballistic missiles.

The Bavar 373 launches the Sayyad-4 missile which is very similar to the Russian-made 48N6E which is the missile used by the Russian S-300 air defense missile systems. The 48N6E is a vertical tube-launched, solid fuel, single-stage, long-range, Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) designed to engage aircraft, cruise missiles, UAVs, and Theater Ballistic Missiles (TBMs). It is able to operate in a clutter and jamming environment. 48N6E features high maneuverability, a fragmentation warhead, a proximity fuse, and a semi-active radar guidance system.

Read also the technical analysis and the description of the Iranian-made Bavar 373 air defense missile system by the Army Recognition editorial team. Follow this link BAVAR 373

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Scale model of Iranian-made AD-200 air defense missile system battery presented during the maritime defense exhibition in Qatar, DIMDEX 2022. (Picture source Army Recognition)

According to a technical brochure published on the Internet, Iran has also developed an export variant of the Bavar 373, called AD-200. A scale model of the AD-200 battery was presented by the Iranian defense industry during the Maritime Defense Exhibition in Qatar, DIMDEX 2022.

According to information published in the Iranian weapons export catalog, the AD-200 is an air defense missile system designed to intercept aerial targets at long range and long altitudes. The air defense system is able to be used in all-weather conditions and can engage simultaneously six targets with 12 missiles. The AD-200 missile can destroy a wide range of aerial targets such as aircraft, helicopters, UAVs (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles), and cruise missiles.

Citing the technical features published on the Iranian weapons export catalog, the missile can destroy aerial targets with a range from 5 to 200 km and an altitude from 100 m to 27 km. The missile has a diameter of 515 mm, a total weight of 2,050 kg with a warhead of 180 kg. The missile has an inertial guidance system updated via data link semi-active and active radar homing.