Main Battle Tank - France
The AMX-30 is a main battle tank designed by GIAT, first delivered to the French Army in 1966. The first five tanks were issued to the 501st Régiment de Chars de Combat (Tank Regiment) in August of that year. Production of the AMX-30 began in 1966 at the Centre de Roanne and the AMX-30 was also built under licence in Spain (qv). In 1987, Cyprus placed an order with France for the supply of 15 AMX-30 B2 MBTs and a single AMX-30D armored recovery vehicle; these were delivered in 1988. Late in 1989 Cyprus placed an order with Giat for the supply of a further 35 AMX-30 B2 MBTs and another AMX-30D armored recovery vehicle.
- AMX-30 B2: modernized version of standard AMX-30 with an improved fire control system and a new transmission
The main armament of the AMX-30 is a Giat Industries 105 mm smoothbore gun designated the CN-105-F1 with a length of 56 calibers. The gun does not have a muzzle brake or a fume extractor but is fitted with a magnesium alloy thermal sleeve. A compressed air system evacuates any fumes from the barrel. The recoil system consists of two diametrically opposed hydraulic brakes and an oleo-pneumatic recuperator for counter-recoil of the barrel. Mounted to the right of the commander's cupola is a 7.62 mm Model F1 machine gun which can be aimed and fired from within the cupola. The weapon has an elevation of +45º and a depression of -10º. In total 2,050 rounds of 7.62 mm ammunition are carried, of which 550 are ready for immediate use. The empty cartridge cases are automatically ejected outside the tank. The maximum effective range of the 7.62 mm machine gun is quoted as 700 m. There are two smoke grenade dischargers mounted either side of the turret which can lay a smoke screen covering the tank in 8 seconds.
|Design and protection|
The hull of the AMX-30 MBT is made of rolled steel plates welded together. It is divided into three compartments: driver's at the front, fighting in the center, and the power pack at the rear. The driver is seated at the front of the vehicle on the left with a single-piece hatch cover opening to the left and three day periscopes. The armor of the AMX-30 is very thin and protects only from small-bore cannons and artillery shell splinters.
|The AMX-30 is powered by a Hispano-Suiza HS-110 multi-fuel diesel engine, developing 720 horsepower. It is fitted with a deep wading kit and can ford water obstacles up to 4 meters deep. The torsion bar suspension on either side consists of five rubber-tired twin roadwheels with the idler at the front and the drive sprocket at the rear. There are five track-return rollers that support the inside of the track only. The first, second, fourth and fifth roadwheels are mounted on bogies and the first and fifth roadwheels are provided with hydraulic shock-absorbers.|
|The AMX-30 is fitted with NBC protection and automatic fire suppression systems.|
|One 105 mm gun, one coaxial machine gun 7.62 mm caliber, and one 7.62 caliber machine gun on the turret||Against medium-caliber weapons, small-bore cannons ammunition and artillery shell splinters.|
|France, Chile, Croatia, Cyprus, Greece, Iraq, Kuwait, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Spain, United Arab Emirates, Venezuela.||37,000 kg|
|Firing control system, laser range finder, firing computer,NBC protection.||600 km|
|4||Lenght: 9.48 m; Width: 3.10 m; Height: 2.86 m|
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