Tornado-G 122mm MLRS Multiple Launch Rocket System technical data sheet specifications pictures

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Tornado-G 122mm MLRS Multiple Launch Rocket System
 
 
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Tornado-G 122mm MLRS Multiple Launch Rocket System technical data sheet specifications information description pictures photos images video intelligence identification Russia Russian Military army defence industry military technology equipment
 
Description
The Tornado-G MLRS (Multiple Launch Rocket System ) is an improved version of the standard Russian-made 122mm BM-21 rocket launcher system based on a Kamaz or Ural-4320 truck. The Tornado-G has been made to be full automatic. Operating crew has been reduced to three man compare to the six man crew of the BM-21 Grad. Previously, the BM-21 could loaded only from the rear and there was no automation system, no everything has be done from the crew cabin. The Tornado-G is intended to replace the old BM-21 Grad rocket launcher system. The Tornado-G is three times more efficient than its predecessors. Currently, the Tornado-G is in service with the Russian army since 2011. The Tornado-G was demonstrated for the first time during a military exercise in 2012.
 
Variants
- BM-21 "Grad": Original 40-round launcher, mounted on a Ural-375D truck.
- BM-21-1: Some systems use the Ural-43201 5t truck chassis with KamAZ-740 diesel engine of 210 hp.
2B17 or also BM-21-1: This upgrade was presented for the first time in 2003 and was developed by Motovilikha Plants from Perm. The system is fitted with a satellite navigation system NAP SNS, automated fire control system ASUNO, APP laying system and can fire a new generation of rockets with a range of 40 km. The truck is the Ural-43201.
- 9P138 "Grad-1": lighter 36-round version, mounted on a six-by-six ZIL-131 chassis. The vehicle with supporting equipment (rockets, transporter 9T450 and re-supply truck 9F380) is referred to as complex 9K55. The 9P138 can only use "short-range" rockets with a range of 15 km. He used to be known in the West as BM-21b or M1976.
- BM-21V "Grad-V" (Vozdushnodesantiy - 'airborne') (NATO designation M1975): Developed for airborne troops in 1969. A GAZ-66B four-by-four truck chassis is fitted with a 12-round 122 mm rocket launcher. The vehicle is sturdy enough to be air-dropped. Parts of the vehicle such as the canvas cab roof can be taken off or folded down to reduce its size during transit. Like the BM-21, the BM-21V has stabilizing jacks on the rear of the vehicle for support when firing. The launch vehicle has the industrial inex of 9P125.
- 9A51 "Prima": 50-round launcher on a Ural-4320 5t chassis. The vehicle together with fire control equipment, the ammunition transporter TZM 9T232M and the new rocket 9M53F is referred to as complex 9K59. Apparently only a small number was produced.
- 9K132 "Grad-P": Single-round man-portable launcher, which can be reloaded and used again. The rocket itself is a 122mm fin-stabilized rocket, armed with any of the warheads used on BM-21 rockets. The weapon is not often used by the Russian military, but is popular with paramilitary and guerrilla forces.
- BM-21PD "Damba" (Protivodiversionnyi): 40-round launcher mounted on Ural-375D or 43201 truck. Developed for protection of naval bases against underwater infiltrations, uses special ammunition PRS-60 (Protivodiversionnyi Reaktivnyi Snaryad). The vehicle together with ammunition transporter is referred to as complex DP-62 "Damba".
- A-215 "Grad-M": 22-round naval version, entered service in 1978.

 
Technical Data
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Armament
The Tornado-G is equipped with a bank of 40 launch tubes 122 mm arranged in a rectangular shape that can be turned away from the unprotected cab. The rocket tube arrangement is a single rectangular bank of four layers each with 10 tubes.
Designe and protection
The cabin truck of Tornado-G is not protected. The launch vehicle's cabin accommodates the launch preparation and firing equipment. Individual round, selective ripple or salvo firing is possible from either the cab or from a remote-control unit connected to the vehicle via a 60 m cable.
Propulsion
The Tornado-G consists of an Ural-4320 truck chassis with rocket launcher system mounted at the rear of the chassis. The truck Ural-4320 is motorized with a water-cooled V-8 240 hp. gasoline engine YaMZ-238M2 engine. The Tornado-G can run at a maximum road speed of 82 km/h with a maximum road range of 800 kilometers. The truck can cross fords up to 1.5 m deep.
Accessories
The truck of the Tornado-G has a collapsible canvas cab, removable doors and windscreen, telescopic steering wheel and tie-down points for aiding parachute dropping and landing. A panoramic telescope can be used for sighting. The Tornado-G is based on the BM-21 Grad but equipped with a satellite guidance system.
 
Tornado-G 122mm MLRS Multiple Launch Rocket System technical data sheet specifications information description pictures photos images video intelligence identification Russia Russian Military army defence industry military technology equipment
The Tornado-G is equipped with a new satellite guidance system
Combat use
According to the Russian manufacturer, the new MLRS Multiple Launch Rocket system Tornado-G is designed to strike armoured vehicles, artillery mortar batteries and command post. The strikin is increase to 40 kilometers. The Tornado-G used new ammunitions and can strike multiple targets. The system is able to strike not only single target but also group of targets like column, enemy concentration and deployment area.
 
Specifications
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Armament
40 launch tubes 122 mm calibre
Country users
Russia
Crew
3 soldiers
Accessories
Satellite guidance system, panoramic telescope
Weight rocket
? kg
Firing Range
40 km
Truck
Ural-4320 6x6
Weight
? kg full loaded
Speed Truck
82 km/h
Range Truck
800 km
Armor
No armor protection
Dimensions
Lenght: 7.35m; Width: 2.40; Height: 3.09 m
 
Details View
 
Tornado-G 122mm MLRS Multiple Launch Rocket System technical data sheet specifications information description pictures photos images video intelligence identification Russia Russian Military army defence industry military technology equipment
Tornado-G 122mm MLRS Multiple Launch Rocket System technical data sheet specifications information description pictures photos images video intelligence identification Russia Russian Military army defence industry military technology equipment
   
Tornado-G 122mm MLRS Multiple Launch Rocket System technical data sheet specifications information description pictures photos images video intelligence identification Russia Russian Military army defence industry military technology equipment
Tornado-G 122mm MLRS Multiple Launch Rocket System technical data sheet specifications information description pictures photos images video intelligence identification Russia Russian Military army defence industry military technology equipment
 
 
Pictures - Video
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Video Tornado-G MLRS Multiple Launch Rocket System
 
 
 

 

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