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SA-7 Grail 9K32 Strela-2 portable air defense missile system
MANPADS
 
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SA-7 Grail 9K32 Strela-2 portable air defense missile system MANPADS technical data sheet specifications information description pictures photos images identification intelligence Russia Russian army
 
Description

The SA-7 Grail (Russian denomination 9K32M Strela-2) is the first genration of portable air defence missile system (MANPADS), made by the Russian defence industry. The SA-7a (9K32 Strela-2) was introduced for service in 1968, but was soon replaced by the SA-7b (9K32M Strela-2M) which became the most common production model. The SA-7 GRAIL (Strela-2) is a man-portable, shoulder-fired, low-altitude SAM, with a high explosive warhead and passive infrared homing guidance. The SA-7a has an effective range range from 800 m to 3.2 km and a kill zone between 15 and 1500 meters in altitude, with a speed of about 430 meters per second (Mach 1.4). The SA-7 Grail is able to destroy all aerial targets flying at low altitude such as combat helicopters, low-flying fighter aircraft and UAV. The STRELA-2 is considerably widespread; it is in service with many armies throughout the world and was produced in many countries based on a licence. The total number of missiles that have been manufactured is estimated at 50,000 pieces.

 
Variants
- 9K32M Srela-2M SA-7 B
- 9K34 Strela-3 SA-14 Gremlin
- 9K310 Igla-1 SA-16 Gimlet
- 9K38 Igla SA-18 Grouse
- 9K310-1 Igla-1M
- 9K338 Igla-S SA-24 Grinch
 
Technical Data
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Design

The missile launcher system of SA-7 Grail consists of the green missile launch tube containing the missile, a grip stock and a cylindrical thermal battery. The launch tube is reloadable at depot, but missile rounds are delivered to fire units in their launch tubes. The device can be reloaded up to five times

Missile
The SA-7 Grail consists of the missile (9K32 & 9K32M), a reloadable gripstock (9P54 & 9P54M), and a thermal battery (9B17). An identification friend or foe (IFF) system can be fitted to the operators helmet. Further, a supplementary early warning system consisting of a passive RF antenna and headphones can be used to provide early cue about the approach and rough direction of an enemy aircraft. The missile is launched from a portable cylindrical launcher. It has two rectangular movable control ailerons in the front section, and four tilting rectangular stabilisation ailerons in the rear. The initial series of the STRELA-2 missiles were fitted with a non-cooled IR detector with a limited possibility of homing from the aft hemisphere and they had no protection against IR decoys and modulated jammers. The starting (booster) engine burns for about 0.5 second, driving engine for another 2 sec.
Operations
When engaging slow or straight-receding targets, the operator tracks the target with the iron sights in the launch tube and applies half-trigger. This action "uncages" the seeker and allows it attempt to track. If target IR signature can be tracked against the background present, this is indicated by green light and buzzer sound. The shooter then pulls the trigger fully, and immediately applies lead and superelevation. This method is called a manual engagement. An automatic mode, which is used against fast targets, allows the shooter to fully depress the trigger in one pull followed by immediate lead and superelevation of the launch tube. The seeker will uncage and will automatically launch the missile if a strong enough signal is detected.
Combat use
The SA-7 Grail or 9M32 STRELA-2 is a first-generation man-portable, shoulder-fired short-range anti-aircraft missile system, intended for destruction of both subsonic and supersonic air targets (fixed-wing aircraft, helicopters, UAV) in ground and low altitudes. Development of this relatively simple system (STRELA-2, or SA-7A) started in 1959 and its basic version was introduced after 1966.
 
Specifications
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Armament
One 9K32 missile
Country users
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Botswana, Benin, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, China, Cuba, El salvador, Egypt, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Indonesia, India, Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Libya, Mongolia, Macedoniaq, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Nicaragua, North korea, Pakistan, Peru, Poland, Romania, Russia, Sierra Leone, Serbia, Slovakia, Somalia, South Yemen, Sudan, Syria, Tanzania, Ukraine, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Combat weight
14,5 kg ready to fire
Effective range
800 to 3,200 m
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Crew
1 soldier
Type of engaged targets
tactical aircraft, helicopter, UAV and cruise missile
Missile
Weight: 9.2 kg
Weight Warhead: 1.15 kg
Warhead type : HE High Explosive
Flight speed: 430 m/s
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Reaction time
5 to 10 sec.
Guidance sysem
Passive IR homing device (operating in the medium IR range)
Dimensions
Length, 1,49 m
 
Details View
SA-7 Grail 9K32 Strela-2 portable air defense missile system MANPADS technical data sheet specifications information description pictures photos images identification intelligence Russia Russian army
 
SA-7 Grail 9K32 Strela-2 portable air defense missile system MANPADS technical data sheet specifications information description pictures photos images identification intelligence Russia Russian army
SA-7 Grail 9K32 Strela-2 portable air defense missile system MANPADS technical data sheet specifications information description pictures photos images identification intelligence Russia Russian army

 

 

 
Pictures - Video
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