Oerlikon 35 mm Twin gun Skyguard anti-aircraft defence system
Oerlikon 35 mm twin cannon is a towed anti-aircraft gun made by Oerlikon
Contraves (renamed as Rheinmetall Air Defence AG following the merger
with Rheinmetall in 2009). This twin-barrel 35mm gun has an Fire
Control Unit Skyguard that detects and tracks air targets
up to 20 km and computes firing data. The first prototype of this was
completed in 1959 under the designation 1 ZLA/353 MK, which was renamed
GDF-1. In 1980, the GDF-002 model was introduced. More than 2,000 guns
were produced and sold in approximately 30 countries. In 1980, The Oerlikon
35 mm GDF-002 automatic anti-aircraft gun is used primarily as an anti-aircraft
weapon but can also be applied against ground targets. In May 1985,
the GDF-005 was introduced. This is an overall improvement of the GDF-001/2/3
and the earlier models can be modified to the GDF-005 standard by the
use of combat improvement kits supplied by Oerlikon Contraves. The GDF-005
features a new autonomous gun sighting system, an onboard power supply
system, an automatic reload and other improvements. Later, the GDF-005
was upgraded with AHEAD system, and named GDF-007. AHEAD technology,
developed by Oerlikon Contraves improves the capability of air defense
guns such to engage and destroy aerial targets, from large aircraft
to small targets such as missiles or PGMs (Precision-Guided Munition
). With the addition of AHEAD modernization, existing Skyguard fire
are fitted with the fire control subsystems which enable the system
to be operated as a stand-alone gun or in a "fire unit network",
separated up to three kilometers from each other.
- GDF-001: first version
- GDF-002: which featured an improved sight, and the ability to be directed by an off-gun digital control system.
- GDF-003: similar to GDF-002, but included some enhancements like self-lubricating weapons and integrated protective covers.
- GDF-005: has several overall improvements that can be retrofitted to existing GDF versions using modification kits. One of the main improvements is the fitting of the Gunking 3-D autonomous computer-controlled optronic sighting system, which eliminates the need for the gunner to estimate target parameters.
- GDF-007: upgrade of GDF-005 with AHEAD system.
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